Guiding principles for printed education materials: design preferences of people with aphasia.
SPEECH ACCURACY, RATE AND CONSISTENCY IN ARABIC SPEAKING CHILDREN Noaf Al-Kheraiji email@example.com Supervisors: Professor Joy Stackhouse and Dr Ben Rutter Background Investigating speech-motor skills is an essential part of assessing children with speech difficulties. Diadochokinetic tasks (DDK) are included routinely in the investigation of children’s speech-motor skills as a measure of speech rate. However, accuracy and consistency of productions are developmentally more sensitive measures than rate. The majority of studies on speech-motor skills have been with English speaking children and as yet there is very little information about how typically developing Arabic children perform on speech output tasks. Aims To develop assessment tasks for Arabic speaking children that will tap different levels of speech output processing. To pilot these tasks on typically developing Arabic speaking children in Sheffield. Methods The following tasks were designed: silent DDK task (oral movements), spoken DDK tasks (syllable repetition), real word repetition, and non-word repetition. Real word and nonword stimuli were designed for the tasks; the stimuli increased in syllable length. The tasks were administered to 10 Saudi Arabic children age 7-8 years old. Rate, accuracy and consistency of their productions were scored. Results There was no significant difference in accuracy scores between all tasks. In the syllable repetition task children became significantly inconsistent as the length of the syllable increased. Regarding rate, although children became significantly slower in each task as the syllable length increased they were significantly slower at repeating multi-syllabic non-words compared to real-words. Conclusion & Implications Accuracy scores at 7-8 years may not be a sensitive psycholinguistic measure to differentiate between tasks. However, increasing syllable length of the syllable repetition task and non-word repetition task were more revealing, suggesting that these tasks were more challenging to the motor programming skills. After the pilot there were minor changes to the stimuli list. The next Phase of the study is to carry out the revised procedure with typical and atypical 3-5year old Saudi children. LEXICO-SYNTACTIC RETRIEVAL AND COHESIVE SPEECH IN SINHALAENGLISH SPEAKING BILINGUAL APHASICS Dinushee Atapattu firstname.lastname@example.org Supervisors: Dr. R. Herbert, Dr. P. E. Cowell Introduction The asymmetrical effects on the languages of an aphasic bilingual and the subsequent patterns of recovery have ignited many questions on the underlying representation and control of language. The distinction between the linguistic environments is