author={Kevin D. Greene},
  journal={Oxford Journal of Archaeology},
Summary. This paper considers the very different views on Roman technology expressed by K.D. White, O. Wikander and J.P. Oleson. The concept of Roman technology is explored in the light of recent archaeological research into boats, vehicles, water-lifting devices and water-mills. It is argued that the application of appropriate, evolving, and occasionally innovative technology can be detected in several spheres of civil and military engineering, such as water-supply and architecture. However… 
Industrial Milling in the Ancient and Medieval Worlds: A Survey of the Evidence for an Industrial Revolution in Medieval Europe
In 1934 and 1935, Lewis Mumford and Marc Bloch published two very different pioneering works in the history of technology, Technics and Civilization and “Avènement et conquêtes du moulin à eau,” the
The Study of Roman Technology: Some Theoretical Constraints
This paper criticises altitudes to the history of technology exemplified by the Routledge Encyclopaedia of the History of Technology (1990), which displays ignorance of the nature and achievements of
Proto-industrialization and the Economy of the Roman Empire
Introduction Conventional historical interpretations of the economy of the Roman Empire stress its agricultural character. Based on the work of Moses Finley and A.H.M Jones, it has become usual for
The Annales and the History of Technology
A significant locus for the origins of the history of technology as a discipline can be found in the Annales d'histoire Economique et sociale, established in 1929 by Marc Bloch (1886-1944) and Lucien
Rome and Italy
Augustus had started the process of making Rome, as a matter of policy, a worthy capital of the world. Travelling to Rome, city of wonders in a land of wonders, was a special experience. In the world
The Cambridge economic history of the Greco-Roman world
In this, the first comprehensive one-volume survey of the economies of classical antiquity, twenty-eight chapters summarise the current state of scholarship in their specialised fields and sketch new
The early Roman Empire: consumption
Roman society of the early empire presents a confusing and ambiguous image that we cannot easily situate in unidirectional accounts of European economic history. Clearly, public monuments in marble
Early Rome and Italy
This chapter deals with Italy in the period from the beginning of the Greek colonization through 133 BC. It focuses on the Italian peninsula, touching only briefly on northern Italy and the islands,
Law and Economic Institutions
The landscape of the Greek and Roman economies is invariably configured of individuals, and also of institutions, the organized activity of production and commerce. This chapter explores, within the
Roman economic thought
The history of economic thought, rooted in (moral) philosophy and jurisprudence, is readily analyzed using general principles that equally apply to ancient and modern thought. It seems almost a


Technical Innovation and Economic Progress in the Ancient World
I t is a commonplace that the Greeks and Romans together added little to the world's store of technical knowledge and equipment. The Neolithic and Bronze Ages between them invented or discovered, and
The Technological Weakness of the Ancient World
One of the major puzzles in the history of the Graeco-Roman world lies in the great discrepancy between its considerable achievements in art, in literature, in philosophy, in mathematics, and in
The Roman Horizontal Loom
  • J. Wild
  • History
    American Journal of Archaeology
  • 1987
The evidence of surviving textiles and entries in the Edict of Diocletian (A. D. 301) suggest that the first horizontal loom was developed by Roman weavers in the eastern provinces, probably in
The Problem of Early Water-mills
In previous papers the writer has suggested that, according to such evidence as is available, the rotary quern must have been derived from the large and heavy donkey-mill of Greece and Rome (1), and
The Dolaucothi Gold Mines I: The Surface Evidence
Summary The first-fruits of the programme of research organised under the auspices of the Dolaucothi Research Committee are presented here in a survey of the surviving surface remains from the Roman
The Archaeology of the Hasholme Logboat
On the 29 July 1984 archaeologists engaged in a survey of the later Prehistoric and Romano-British landscape around Holme-on-Spalding Moor in East Yorkshire visited land at Hasholme which was being
Recent Finds of Ancient Artillery
Our knowledge of ancient artillery derives primarily from several ancient technical texts. The most important among them are the works of Philon, Heron and Vitruvius. Taken in combination, these
La grande statuette en bronze de Kerguilly-en-Dinéault (Finistère)
Sanquer Rene. La grande statuette en bronze de Kerguilly-en-Dineault (Finistere). In: Gallia, tome 31, fascicule 1, 1973. pp. 61-80.