PERSPECTIVE: THE EVOLUTIONARY BIOLOGY OF AGING, SEXUAL REPRODUCTION, AND DNA REPAIR

@article{Avise1993PERSPECTIVETE,
  title={PERSPECTIVE: THE EVOLUTIONARY BIOLOGY OF AGING, SEXUAL REPRODUCTION, AND DNA REPAIR},
  author={John C. Avise},
  journal={Evolution},
  year={1993},
  volume={47}
}
  • J. Avise
  • Published 1 October 1993
  • Biology
  • Evolution
Three recent books on the evolutionary biology of aging and sexual reproduction are reviewed, with particular attention focused on the provocative suggestion by Bernstein and Bernstein (1991) that senescence and genetic recombination are related epiphenomena stemming from the universal challenge to life posed by DNA damages and the need for damage repair. Embellishments to these theories on aging and sex are presented that consider two relevant topics neglected or underemphasized in the… 
Aging and Sex, DNA Repair in
TLDR
An emerging unified theory that accounts for a considerable amount of the data relating to both aging and sex is presented here.
Maintenance of aphid clonal lineages: images of immortality?
  • H. Loxdale, G. Lushai
  • Biology
    Infection, genetics and evolution : journal of molecular epidemiology and evolutionary genetics in infectious diseases
  • 2003
Achieving immortality in the C. elegans germline
PERSPECTIVE A UNITS‐OF‐EVOLUTION PERSPECTIVE ON THE ENDOSYMBIONT THEORY OF THE ORIGIN OF THE MITOCHONDRION
  • N. Blackstone
  • Biology
    Evolution; international journal of organic evolution
  • 1995
TLDR
The initial host‐mitochondria interaction may have further channeled the evolution of multicellular eukaryotes, particularly animals, resulting in the association of mitochondria and the germinal plasm and in the use of extracellular ATP and endogenous oxidants as developmental signals.
Aging, mating, and the evolution of mtDNA heteroplasmy in Drosophila melanogaster.
TLDR
This system provides a model for the joint analysis of generational and chronological age in the transmission dynamics of a molecular polymorphism in heteroplasmy within and between generations.
The evolutionary genetics of ageing and longevity
TLDR
Recent discoveries of the levelling of mortality curves, and of age specific mutations in mutation accumulation lines of Drosophila melanogaster, require adjustments to the original models of the evolution of ageing and species longevity, but these adjustments do not invalidate the underlying rationale of evolutionary theories of ageing.
Individuality in early eukaryotes and the consequences for matazoan development.
  • N. Blackstone
  • Biology
    Progress in molecular and subcellular biology
  • 1998
TLDR
It is proposed that discussions of the monophyly of the metazoans should not just elucidate the biochemical and molecular shared derived characters for this group, but should consider the Darwinian evolution of these characters as well.
The evolution of a mechanism of cell suicide.
  • N. Blackstone, D. Green
  • Biology
    BioEssays : news and reviews in molecular, cellular and developmental biology
  • 1999
TLDR
A mechanism of apoptosis in metazoans may be a vestige of evolutionary conflicts within the eukaryotic cell, when considering the symbiotic origin of the mitochondrion.
The Evolution of Multicellularity: A Minor Major Transition?
TLDR
Benefits of increased size and functional specialization of cells have repeatedly promoted the evolution of multicellular organisms from unicellular ancestors, but these benefits may be opposed by genetic conflicts that arise when mutant cell lineages promote their own increase at the expense of the integrity of the multice cellular organism.
Cell immortality: maintenance of cell division potential.
TLDR
All extant cells reflect the ability to reproduce indefinitely, since the ancestry of each cell presumably traces back, in an unbroken lineage for over 3 billion years, to the origin of life.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 19 REFERENCES
Mitochondrial DNA and two perspectives on evolutionary genetics
This essay reviews comparative studies of animal mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA), with emphasis on findings made and ideas developed at Berkeley. It argues that such studies are bringing together two
Models of mitochondrial DNA transmission genetics and evolution in higher eucaryotes.
TLDR
A series of stochastic models has been constructed here based on various possibilities concerning mtDNA transmission genetics both within cell lineages and between animal generations to help identify and stimulate further empirical study of various parameters likely to strongly influence mtDNA evolution.
Potential germline competition in animals and its evolutionary implications.
TLDR
It is concluded that under certain circumstances germline selection is an efficient means of eliminating unfavorable alleles from the population and proposed that such competition may play a role in maintaining the efficiency of basic metabolic pathways.
Aging, sex, and DNA repair
TLDR
This book presents evidence bearing on the DNA damage hypothesis of ageing ageing in non-vertebrates with comparisons to aspects of ageing in mammals.
A quantitative and cytological study of germ cells in human ovaries
  • T. G. Baker
  • Biology
    Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B. Biological Sciences
  • 1963
TLDR
Foetal, neonatal and post-natal human ovaries were studied with the object of correlating cytological changes in the germ cells with fluctuations in their numbers, and three ‘waves’ of degeneration were observed, affecting oogonia undergoing mitosis, oocytes principally at the pachytene stage and oocytes at the diplotene stage.
Direct evidence for extensive paternal mitochondrial DNA inheritance in the marine mussel Mytilus
TLDR
Results from pair-matings involving two species of mussels show extensive contribution of paternal mtDNA, amounting to several orders of magnitude higher than that inferred for Drosophila or mice, was observed in both intra-and interspecific crosses.
The Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, Or, The Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life
TLDR
The Origin of Species is a rigorously documented but highly readable account of the scientific theory that now lies at the root of the authors' present attitude to the universe.
Normal oxidative damage to mitochondrial and nuclear DNA is extensive.
  • C. Richter, J. Park, B. Ames
  • Biology, Chemistry
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
  • 1988
TLDR
The oxidized base, 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (oh8dG), 1 of approximately 20 known radiation damage products, has been assayed in the DNA of rat liver and may be responsible for the observed high mutation rate of mtDNA.
Diseases of the mitochondrial DNA.
  • D. Wallace
  • Biology
    Annual review of biochemistry
  • 1992
TLDR
The author reveals evidence for OXPHOS DEFECTS in COMMON DEGENERATIVE DISEASes in NUCLEAR-CYTOPLASMIC INTERACTIONS and provides evidence for the importance of knowing the carrier and removal status of canine coronavirus.
...
...