PEO-PPO Diblock Copolymers Protect Myoblasts from Hypo-Osmotic Stress In Vitro Dependent on Copolymer Size, Composition, and Architecture.

Abstract

Poloxamer 188, a triblock copolymer of poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO) and poly(propylene oxide) (PPO), protects cellular membranes from various stresses. Though numerous block copolymer variants exist, evaluation of alternative architecture, composition, and size has been minimal. Herein, cultured murine myoblasts are exposed to the stresses of hypotonic shock and isotonic recovery, and membrane integrity was evaluated by quantifying release of lactate dehydrogenase. Comparative evaluation of a systematic set of PEO-PPO diblock and PEO-PPO-PEO triblock copolymers demonstrates that the diblock architecture can be protective in vitro. Short PPO blocks hinder protection with >9 PPO units needed for protection at 150 μM and >16 units needed at 14 μM. Addition of a tert-butyl end group enhances protection at reduced concentration. When the end group and PPO length are fixed, increasing the PEO length improves protection. This systematic evaluation establishes a new in vitro screening tool for evaluating membrane-sealing amphiphiles and provides mechanistic insight to guide future copolymer design for membrane stabilization in vivo.

DOI: 10.1021/acs.biomac.7b00419

Cite this paper

@article{Kim2017PEOPPODC, title={PEO-PPO Diblock Copolymers Protect Myoblasts from Hypo-Osmotic Stress In Vitro Dependent on Copolymer Size, Composition, and Architecture.}, author={Mihee Kim and Karen J Haman and Evelyne M. Houang and Wenjia Zhang and Demetris Yannopoulos and Joseph M Metzger and Frank S Bates and Benjamin J. Hackel}, journal={Biomacromolecules}, year={2017}, volume={18 7}, pages={2090-2101} }