PATTERNS AND PROCESSES OF DIVERSIFICATION: SPECIATION AND HISTORICAL CONGRUENCE IN SOME NEOTROPICAL BIRDS

@article{Cracraft1988PATTERNSAP,
  title={PATTERNS AND PROCESSES OF DIVERSIFICATION: SPECIATION AND HISTORICAL CONGRUENCE IN SOME NEOTROPICAL BIRDS},
  author={Joel Cracraft and Richard O. Prum},
  journal={Evolution},
  year={1988},
  volume={42}
}
This paper documents congruence in geographical patterns of speciation for four clades of birds having taxa endemic to the same areas within the Neotropics. Two genera, Pionopsitta parrots and Selenidera toucans, corroborate a well known biogeographic disjunction in which taxa endemic to southern Central America and the Chocó region of northwestern South America are the sister‐group to a radiation within the Amazon basin. These two genera, along with two lineages within the toucan genus… 

Area-cladograms of Circum-Mediterranean taxa in relation to Mediterranean palaeogeography

TLDR
The palaeo-biogeographic relation results in estimates of the ages of lineages for the newt genus Triturus which largely correspond to the esti- mates obtained from various biochemical and molecular studies.

HISTORICAL DIVERSIFICATION OF BIRDS IN NORTHWESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: A MOLECULAR PERSPECTIVE ON THE ROLE OF VICARIANT EVENTS

TLDR
The genetic data are consistent with the hypotheses that the divergence of most cis‐ and trans‐Andean taxa was the result of either the Andean uplift fragmenting a once continuous Amazonian‐Pacific population (Andean Uplift Hypothesis) or the isolation of the two faunas in forest refugia on opposite sides of the Andes during arid climates (Forest Refugia Hypotheses).

Diversification of Small Mammals in the Atlantic Forest of Brazil: Testing the Alternatives

TLDR
The patterns of mtDNA variation among the genera are idiosyncratic, suggesting that large-scale external environmental factors have not affected all taxa similarly and there is some support for relative isolation among the three main mountain ranges in the Atlantic Forest domain consistent with the Montane Isolates Hypothesis.

The anatomy of a ‘suture zone’ in Amazonian butterflies: a coalescent‐based test for vicariant geographic divergence and speciation

TLDR
It is suggested that Pleistocene climatic forcing cannot readily explain this Peruvian suture zone, and lineage‐specific biological traits, such as characteristic distances of gene flow or varying rates of parapatric divergence, may be of greater importance.

Historical biogeography and diversification within the Neotropical parrot genus Pionopsitta (Aves: Psittacidae)

TLDR
This work investigates spatial and temporal patterns of diversification within the Neotropical avifauna using the phylogenetic history of parrots traditionally belonging to the genus Pionopsitta Bonaparte 1854, which encompasses species that occur in most Neotropic forest areas of endemism.

Biogeography and Comparative Phylogenetics in Three Fish Species of the Eastern Guiana Shield

  • B. Syme
  • Biology, Environmental Science
  • 2018
TLDR
The results suggest that, while historical geological events such as the formation of drainages are important for the diversification of freshwater fish species, individual biological attributes, such as dispersal ability, likely play an influential role as well.

Area‐relationships in the Neotropical lowlands: an hypothesis based on raw distributions of Passerine birds

TLDR
In the future, it is suggested greater emphasis be placed on research to document patterns in the Neotropics, particularly phylogenetic patterns, than on speculation about what processes have been important for diversification.

Amazonian speciation: a necessarily complex model

TLDR
It is suggested that the central Amazonian forests did not fragment during glacial times, but that populations within forests without modem analogue were repeatedly disrupted by climatic change.

Historical relationships of Amazonian areas of endemism based on raw distributions of parrots (Psittacidae)

TLDR
The present hypothesis is congruent with those of primates and lizards and it indicates a subdivision of the Amazonian biota into two main regions which represent Upper and Lower Amazonia.

Speciation Dynamics of the Fruit-Eating Bats (Genus Artibeus): With Evidence of Ecological Divergence in Central American Populations

TLDR
The data from Artibeus indicate that multiple speciation processes underlie extant levels of diversity within the genus and provide further evidence for complex origins of the Neotropical fauna and contribute to a greater understanding of the natural processes underlying the origin of species.
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 63 REFERENCES

ORIGIN AND EVOLUTION OF CONTINENTAL BIOTAS: SPECIATION AND HISTORICAL CONGRUENCE WITHIN THE AUSTRALIAN AVIFAUNA

  • J. Cracraft
  • Environmental Science
    Evolution; international journal of organic evolution
  • 1986
TLDR
Factors governing the origin and evolution of continental biotas were investigated using an analysis of speciation patterns within the Australian avifauna, revealing extensive congruence among the spatial and temporal histories of lineages whose species are endemic to common areas of endemism.

Avian biogeography in the Amazon basin and the biological model of diversification

TLDR
Using Monte Carlo procedures, it is illustrated that the modern-day biogeographies of birds in the Amazon basin are often not inconsistent with the alternative hypothesis that they arose independent of the postulated forest refugia, however, some proposed refugias and centres-of-endemism do contain unusually small numbers of species whoseBiogeographies areindependent of the proposed refuge.

TERTIARY SPECIATION MODELS IN AUSTRALIAN ANURANS: MOLECULAR DATA CHALLENGE PLEISTOCENE SCENARIO

TLDR
This work studied albumin evolution in 16 east‐west species pairs of frogs representing six genera to assess the validity of these conclusions about frog phylogeny.

Geographic Differentiation, Cladistics, and Vicariance Biogeography: Reconstructing the Tempo and Mode of Evolution

TLDR
A model of speciation analysis is constructed using taxa of Australian birds as the empirical data base and reveals a specific, nonrandom historical relationship among the areas of differentiation for Australian birds.

Vicariant Patterns and Historical Explanation in Biogeography

TLDR
Congruence of biological and geological area-cladograms at a high confidence level means that specified events of paleogeography can be adopted as an explanation of the biological patterns, and distributions of sedentary organisms have the potential to falsify dispersal theories as applied tovagile organisms, but distributions of vagile organisms cannot falsify vicariance theories as applications to sedentary ones.

Pleistocene Changes in the Fauna and Flora of South America

TLDR
Biological data and supportive geological evidence show that climatic events during the last million or so years have affected the biota of South America as much as the Pleistocene glacial changes affected theBiotas of Eurasia and North America.

A Method of Analysis for Historical Biogeography

TLDR
Analysis of four-taxon statements indicates that the availability of structurally different patterns and of groups that can serve as adequate tests of the generality of those patterns increases with the addition of taxa to the hypothesis, and that neither extinction nor the failure of some groups to respond to given dispersal or vicariance events interferes with the analysis.

Problems in Distinguishing Historical from Ecological Factors in Biogeography

TLDR
The Pleistocene forest refuge hypothesis and vicariance biogeography are given; the refuge hypothesis yields three predictions, but only one is upheld-concordance of centers of diversity; the distribution of positions and widths of contact zones is inconsistent with the hypothesis.

Non-Allopatric Speciation in Animals

TLDR
The extent to which the theory and evidence amassed since 1963 warrant a major change in views of animal speciation is reviewed, and the theory of stasipatric speciation and purported cases of sympatrics associated with a shift to a new host are reviewed.

Pleistocene changes in the flora of the high tropical Andes

Geological data show that high Andean habitats have been available for plant colonization only since the end of the Tertiary. The manner in which plant species moved into these habitats, the times
...