PATHOLOGICAL FINDINGS IN THE HAWAIIAN MONK SEAL

@inproceedings{Banish1992PATHOLOGICALFI,
  title={PATHOLOGICAL FINDINGS IN THE HAWAIIAN MONK SEAL},
  author={L. D. Banish and W. Gilmartin},
  booktitle={Journal of wildlife diseases},
  year={1992}
}
Postmortem examinations were performed on 45 Hawaiian monk seals (Monachus schauinslandi) collected during field research on the beaches of the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands (USA) from 1981 to 1985. Both males and females of all age groups, perinatal through adult, were examined. Frequent findings included parasites, trauma, cardiovascular disease (congenital and acquired), and respiratory infections. Emaciation was a common condition. All animals except neonates were infected with parasites… Expand
INFECTIOUS DISEASE MONITORING OF THE ENDANGERED HAWAIIAN MONK SEAL
TLDR
Serum samples from the endangered Hawaiian monk seal population were tested for antibodies to viruses, bacteria, and parasites known to cause morbidity and mortality in other marine mammal species, and there was no serologic evidence of exposure to four morbilliviruses, influenza A virus, canine adenovirus, calicivirus, or other selected viruses. Expand
Gastrointestinal Helminths in the Hawaiian Monk Seal (Monachus schauinslandi): Associations with Body Size, Hematology, and Serum Chemistry
TLDR
It is suggested that intervention strategies to reduce the prevalence of tapeworm infections in immature Hawaiian monk seals should be considered as a conservation measure for this highly endangered marine mammal. Expand
NEONATAL MORTALITY IN NEW ZEALAND SEA LIONS (PHOCARCTOS HOOKERI ) AT SANDY BAY, ENDERBY ISLAND, AUCKLAND ISLANDS FROM 1998 TO 2005
TLDR
This study provides valuable quantitative data on the natural causes of neonatal mortality in New Zealand sea lions that can be used in demographic models for management of threatened species. Expand
Health Assessment of Weddell Seals, Leptonychotes weddellii, in McMurdo Sound, Antarctica
TLDR
Detailed life-history data are available on thousands of seals tagged as pups in McMurdo Sound, making this population a rich resource for wildlife health studies because health parameters can be evaluated in the light of reproductive histories and genetic relationships of several generations of tagged seals. Expand
A RETROSPECTIVE STUDY OF PATHOLOGICAL FINDINGS IN ENDANGERED FORMOSAN PANGOLINS (MANIS PENTADACTYLA PENTADACTYLA) FROM SOUTHEASTERN TAIWAN
Formosan pangolin, a sub-species of Chinese pangolin is a critically endangered insectivorous mammal found only in Taiwan. Pathological studies are helpful in the diagnosis and investigation ofExpand
Heterophyopsis hawaiiensis n. sp. (Trematoda: Heterophyidae) from the Hawaiian Monk Seal, Monachus schauinslandi Matschie, 1905 (Carnivora: Phocidae)
TLDR
A new species of Heterophyopsis is described from the ileum and colon of the endangered Hawaiian monk seal, Monachus schauinslandi, having a trilobed ovary, testes slightly oblique, and vitellaria reaching posterior of the body. Expand
DISSEMINATED MYCOBACTERIUM KANSASII IN A REINDEER (Rangifer tarandus).
TLDR
A two-year-old female reindeer with a history of lethargy and dyspnea was diagnosed with multiple pulmonary abscesses radiographically and cultured M. kansasii, a slow-growing photochromogenic non-tuberculous mycobacterial species that causes disease in severely immunocompromised individuals. Expand
Morphometry, hematology, and serum chemistry in the Hawaiian monk seal (Monachus schauinslandi)
TLDR
Study of morphometric, hematology, and serum chemistry variables in 140 Hawaiian monk seals to establish normal baseline values for these variables among free-living seals found monk seals at FFS had an absolute and relative eosinophilia compared to previously published values, compatible with a stress response. Expand
Organochlorines in the free-ranging Hawaiian monk seal (Monachus schauinslandi) from French Frigate Shoals, North Pacific Ocean.
TLDR
Although it is clear that the Hawaiian monk seal has been exposed to OCs, it is unclear what biological effects, if any, these xenobiotics may have on the animals. Expand
Viral susceptibility of newly established cell lines from the Hawaiian monk seal Monachus schauinslandi.
TLDR
Ten of 11 cell lines of a juvenile Hawaiian monk seal Monachus schauinslandi were evaluated in vitro for their susceptibility to mammalian viruses and the wide range of viral susceptibility suggests their potential value in studying viruses of monk seals and other marine mammals. Expand
...
1
2
3
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 21 REFERENCES
Field Manual for Phocid Necropsies (Specifically Monachus schauinslandi)
TLDR
This necropsy manual is a guide for students and technicians in the examination of dead phocids, specifically the Hawaiian monk seal, based on the assumption that the seal's carcass is very fresh and time is not a limiting factor. Expand
CAUSES OF DEATH IN MARINE MAMMALS STRANDED ALONG THE OREGON COAST1 2
TLDR
Predation, starvation due to neonatal abandonment, viral encephalitis (presumptive diagnosis), dystocia and neoplasia were diagnosed as primary or contributory causes of stranding. Expand
Diphyllobothriid Cestodes from the Hawaiian Monk Seal, Monachus schauinslandi Matschie, from Midway Atoll
TLDR
Diphyllobothrium cameroni is distinguished by the relative position of the uterine pore as well as by other morphological characteristics. Expand
A COPROLOGICAL SURVEY OF HELMINTH PARASITES OF THE HAWAIIAN MONK SEAL FROM THE NORTHWESTERN HAWAIIAN ISLANDS
TLDR
In conjunction with an Hawaiian monk seal, Monarhus schauinslandi, breeding enhancement program, fecal samples were examined for the presence of helminth parasite products (eggs, larvae, and proglottids) in the northwestern Hawaiian Islands. Expand
HAWAIIAN MONK SEAL POPULATION STRUCTURE, REPRODUCTION, AND SURVIVAL ON LAYSAN ISLAND, 1985
TLDR
A birth, four adult male mobbings, two similar acts of aggression by single males, and a shark attack on Laysan Island are described. Expand
FATAL SHARK ATTACK ON A HAWAIIAN MONK SEAL (MONACHUS SCHAUINSLANDI)
W e describe here a fatal attack on a Hawaiian monk seal, Monachus schauinsIandi, apparently initiated by tiger sharks, Galeocerdo cuvier. The attack occurred near sunset at 1957 h on 28 May 1982, 15Expand
The Cestodes of Pinnipeds in the Arctic and other Regions
TLDR
A comparative study has been made of the Pseudophyllidean cestodes harboured by Pinnipeds, mainly from the Northern Hemisphere, and these may be divided into the following species. Expand
The Hawaiian Monk Seal on the Laysan Island: 1982
This is a report on a 3.5 month observational study of the endangered Hawaiian monk seal that took place on the Laysan Island. The total recorded counts ranged from 66-119 and averaged to 90 seals,Expand
A redescription of Diphyllobothrium stemmacephalum Cobbold, 1858 with comments on other marine species of Diphyllobothrium Cobbold, 1858
TLDR
The type-species of the genus Diphyllobothrium stemmacephalum is redescribed based on specimens found in Phocaena phocaena (L.) caught off Denmark and the Netherlands as well as specimens from the County Museum (Liverpool) from the type-locality. Expand
The Genus Halarachne (Acari: Halarachnidae), with the Description of a New Species from the Hawaiian Monk Seal
The parameters of the family Halarachnidae are discussed, with diagnoses of the subfamily Halarachninae and the 2 genera, Halarachne and Orthohalarachne , occurring in marine mammals. HalarachneExpand
...
1
2
3
...