Energy Efficient Clustering Based on Expectation Maximization for Homogeneous Wireless Sensor Network
Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) are of paramount significance since they are responsible for maintaining the routes in the network, data forwarding, and ensuring reliable multi-hop communication. The main requirement of a wireless sensor network is to prolong network energy efficiency and lifetime. Researchers have developed protocols Low Energy Adaptive Clustering Hierarchy (LEACH) and Power-Efficient Gathering in Sensor Information Systems (PEGASIS) for reducing energy consumption in the network. However, the existing routing protocols experience many shortcomings with respect to energy and power consumption. LEACH features the dynamicity but has limitations due to its cluster-based architecture, while PEGASIS overcomes the limitations of LEACH but lacks dynamicity. In this paper, we introduce PEGASIS-LEACH (P-LEACH), a near optimal cluster-based chain protocol that is an improvement over PEGASIS and LEACH both. This protocol uses an energy-efficient routing algorithm to transfer the data in WSN. To validate the energy effectiveness of P-LEACH, we simulate the performance using Network Simulator (NS2) and MATLAB.