Ozone: From discovery to protection

  title={Ozone: From discovery to protection},
  author={C. Thomas McElroy and Pierre F. Fogal},
  pages={1 - 13}
Abstract Within one hundred and fifty years, ozone has gone from an unknown quantity to a protected species. This paper traces the evolution of the science of the ozone layer and follows modern research efforts to the point where the Montreal Protocol to Protect the Ozone Layer was put into place. The Montreal Protocol deserves special consideration because it is the best example of a case where science rapidly drove policy development to bring about the implementation of a global agreement to… Expand
Understanding ozone depletion: Measurements and models
Abstract This paper provides an overview of the measurement systems available to make observations of the chemistry of the ozone layer. The characteristics and applications of the data collected areExpand
Climate Change: Global Indicators, Socio-economic Implications and Mitigation
Climate change which is the variation in the climate condition over comparable periods has some indicators like surface temperature, atmospheric carbon and greenhouse gases (GHGs) and ozone layerExpand
Measuring and Modelling Vehicle NOx Emissions Using a Remote Sensing Device
Despite the increasingly stringent type approval limit val- ues for vehicle emissions no quantitative difference has been seen in roadside concentrations of NOX concentra- tions (Carslaw et al.,Expand
Differences between in-situ ozonesonde observations and satellite retrieved ozone vertical profiles across Antarctica
Abstract In situ ozonesonde observations across nine Antarctic stations were used to validate the vertical profiles retrieved by the satellite-based Microwave Limb Sounder (MLS) instrument from 2004Expand
Benefits of the EUMETSAT Polar System – Second Generation (EPS-SG) for Arctic and Northern Regions Monitoring and Applications
Abstract The EUMETSAT Polar System – Second Generation (EPS-SG) is under development to follow the first generation EPS from 2022 onwards. EPS-SG will provide 9 observation missions in a dualExpand
Uncertainty analysis of total ozone derived from direct solar irradiance spectra in the presence of unknown spectral deviations
Abstract. We demonstrate the use of a Monte Carlo model to estimate the uncertainties in total ozone column (TOC) derived from ground-based direct solar spectral irradiance measurements. The modelExpand
The Resonant and Normal Auger Spectra of Ozone
A general method for calculating Auger spectra in molecules is outlined, which accounts for the underlying symmetry of the system and includes explicitly the incoming wave boundary condi6 tions for the continuum states and an accurate treatment of the Coulomb repulsion. Expand
Bismuth as Smart Material and Its Application in the Ninth Principle of Sustainable Chemistry
This paper reports an overview of Green Chemistry and the concept of its twelve principles. This study focusses on the ninth principle of Green Chemistry, that is, catalysis. A report on catalysis,Expand
Cannabis Inflorescence Yield and Cannabinoid Concentration Are Not Increased With Exposure to Short-Wavelength Ultraviolet-B Radiation
Using UV radiation as a production tool did not lead to any commercially relevant benefits to cannabis yield or inflorescence secondary metabolite composition, and the relative concentrations of individual terpenes varied by cultivar. Expand
Ozone: Good high, bad nigh


Forty years' research on atmospheric ozone at oxford: a history.
  • G. Dobson
  • Environmental Science, Medicine
  • Applied optics
  • 1968
The development of research on atmospheric ozone at Oxford is traced from the year 1922, when one single instrument was used there to make measurements of the total ozone, to 1966, when some hundredExpand
Ozone climatology, trends, and substances that control ozone
Abstract Ozone decline observed in the stratosphere over the past three decades has resulted from the accumulation of chlorine‐ and bromine‐containing ozone‐depleting substances (ODSs) in theExpand
Understanding ozone depletion: Measurements and models
Abstract This paper provides an overview of the measurement systems available to make observations of the chemistry of the ozone layer. The characteristics and applications of the data collected areExpand
Stratospheric ozone chemistry
Abstract Stratospheric ozone is important in shielding the planet from harmful solar radiation and tropospheric ozone and, while harmful to plants and humans in large amounts is also, in combinationExpand
Stratospheric sink for chlorofluoromethanes: chlorine atomc-atalysed destruction of ozone
Chlorofluoromethanes are being added to the environment in steadily increasing amounts. These compounds are chemically inert and may remain in the atmosphere for 40–150 years, and concentrations canExpand
Large losses of total ozone in Antarctica reveal seasonal ClOx/NOx interaction
Recent attempts1,2 to consolidate assessments of the effect of human activities on stratospheric ozone (O3) using one-dimensional models for 30° N have suggested that perturbations of total O3 willExpand
Ozone destruction by chlorine radicals within the Antarctic vortex: The spatial and temporal evolution of ClO‐O3 anticorrelation based on in situ ER‐2 data
In situ O3 and ClO data obtained from the ER-2 aircraft are used to define the chemical evolution of the Antarctic vortex region from August 23 to September 22, 1987. Initial conditions areExpand
The influence of nitrogen oxides on the atmospheric ozone content
The probable importance of NO and NO2 in controlling the ozone concentrations and production rates in the stratosphere is pointed out. Observations on and determinations of nitric acid concentrationsExpand
Stratospheric Chlorine: a Possible Sink for Ozone
This study proposes that the oxides of chlorine, ClOx, may constitute an important sink for stratospheric ozone. A photochemical scheme is devised which includes two catalytic cycles through which ...
A Special Ozone Observation at Syowa Station, Antarctica from February 1982 to January 1983
The Atmospheric ozone plays a significant role in heat balance of the stratosphere. Its behavior at high latitude is of special interest, since the stratospheric ozone at high latitude is thought toExpand