Oysters: Composition of the Larval Shell

@article{Stenzel1964OystersCO,
  title={Oysters: Composition of the Larval Shell},
  author={Henryk Bronislaw Stenzel},
  journal={Science},
  year={1964},
  volume={145},
  pages={155 - 156}
}
The shell of the freeswimming veliger larval stage of the common North American oyster Crassostrea virginica (Gmelin, 1791) is composed of aragonite. This composition contrasts with that of the adult shell, which is composed mainly of calcite, the rhombohedral allomorph of calcium carbonate, and minor amounts of aragonite. 

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A discrete, calcareous layer that binds the foliated calcite of the oyster's shell to the organic ligament in the hinge is reported, apparently for the first time. This layer is ultrastructurally,

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Induced adhesion in Crassostrea virginica larvae.

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TLDR
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TLDR
Study of body and shell in a growth series revealed many structures and patterns of development previously poorly known or unknown: the presence of four ciliary bands on the velum, not three, and the heel-first development of the foot, with medial ciliation of the toe preceding complete ciliation.

The Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas, shows negative correlation to naturally elevated carbon dioxide levels: Implications for near‐term ocean acidification effects

TLDR
Both larval production and midstage growth of the oyster Crassostrea gigas were significantly negatively correlated with the aragonite saturation state of waters in which larval oysters were spawned and reared for the first 48 h of life.

Microstructures of the larval shell of a pearl oyster, Pinctada fucata, investigated by FIB-TEM technique

Abstract The structure of the larval shell of a pearl oyster, Pinctada fucata, has been investigated at several growing stages mainly using the focused ion beam (FIB) sample preparation technique and

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TLDR
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