Oyster Reefs at Risk and Recommendations for Conservation, Restoration, and Management

@inproceedings{Beck2011OysterRA,
  title={Oyster Reefs at Risk and Recommendations for Conservation, Restoration, and Management},
  author={Michael W. Beck and Robert D. Brumbaugh and L. Airoldi and Alvar Carranza and Loren D. Coen and Christine M Crawford and Omar Defeo and Graham J. Edgar and Boze Hancock and Matthew Curry Kay and Hunter S Lenihan and Mark W Luckenbach and Caitlyn Toropova and Guofan Zhang and Ximing Guo},
  year={2011}
}
Native oyster reefs once dominated many estuaries, ecologically and economically. Centuries of resource extraction exacerbated by coastal degradation have pushed oyster reefs to the brink of functional extinction worldwide. We examined the condition of oyster reefs across 144 bays and 44 ecoregions; our comparisons of past with present abundances indicate that more than 90% of them have been lost in bays (70%) and ecoregions (63%). In many bays, more than 99% of oyster reefs have been lost and… 
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