Oxytocin modulates cooperation within and competition between groups: An integrative review and research agenda

@article{Dreu2012OxytocinMC,
  title={Oxytocin modulates cooperation within and competition between groups: An integrative review and research agenda},
  author={Carsten K. W. De Dreu},
  journal={Hormones and Behavior},
  year={2012},
  volume={61},
  pages={419-428}
}
  • C. Dreu
  • Published 1 March 2012
  • Psychology
  • Hormones and Behavior
Abstract The author reviews evidence that hypothalamic release (or infusion) of the neuropeptide oxytocin modulates the regulation of cooperation and conflict among humans because of three reasons. First, oxytocin enables social categorization of others into in-group versus out-group. Second, oxytocin dampens amygdala activity and enables the development of trust. Third, and finally, oxytocin up-regulates neural circuitries (e.g., inferior frontal gyrus, ventromedial prefrontal cortex, caudate… Expand
Oxytocin Conditions Intergroup Relations Through Upregulated In-Group Empathy, Cooperation, Conformity, and Defense
TLDR
It appears that oxytocin motivates and enables humans to like and empathize with others in their groups, comply with group norms and cultural practices, and extend and reciprocate trust and cooperation, which may give rise to intergroup discrimination and sometimes defensive aggression against threatening out-groups. Expand
Oxytocin enables novelty seeking and creative performance through upregulated approach: evidence and avenues for future research.
TLDR
This work reviews the literature on the relationship between single-nucleotide polymorphisms in the oxytocin receptor (OXTR) gene, and reveals a weak to moderate but consistent association between Oxytocin and creativity, which emerges because (2) oxytocIn enables the cognitive flexibility pathway more than persistent information processing. Expand
Within vs. between-subject effects of intranasal oxytocin on the neural response to cooperative and non-cooperative social interactions
TLDR
Exogenous OT reduces the salience of positive social interactions among women and prevents habituation to negative social interactionsamong men, and may have implications for the potential clinical utility of OT as a treatment for psychiatric disorders. Expand
Oxytocin Motivates Non-Cooperation in Intergroup Conflict to Protect Vulnerable In-Group Members
TLDR
An intergroup conflict game was developed to disentangle whether oxytocin motivates competitive approach to protect (i) immediate self-interest, (ii) vulnerable in-group members, or (iii) both, and it was found that when personal vulnerability was high, non-cooperation was unaffected by treatment and in- group vulnerability. Expand
Oxytocin differentially modulates compromise and competitive approach but not withdrawal to antagonists from own vs. rivaling other groups
TLDR
It is concluded that oxytocin sensitizes humans to the group membership of their interaction partner, rendering them relatively more benevolent and less competitive towards those seen as belonging to their own group. Expand
Oxytocin, testosterone, and human social cognition
  • B. Crespi
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Biological reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society
  • 2016
I describe an integrative social‐evolutionary model for the adaptive significance of the human oxytocinergic system. The model is based on a role for this hormone in the generation and maintenance ofExpand
The role of oxytocin and alexithymia in the therapeutic process
TLDR
It is proposed that therapeutic success results from changing conflictual, often non-conscious, emotional memories becoming activated within the context of a positively colored therapeutic dyad and are reconsolidated as new, more positively colored internal models. Expand
Oxytocin promotes intuitive rather than deliberated cooperation with the in-group
TLDR
It is replicated that oxytocin motivates in‐group bounded, parochial cooperation (PC) and effects of oxytocIn on PC appear similar in male and female subjects and appears an intuitive rather than controlled strategy. Expand
Effect of intranasal oxytocin on pro-social behavior in social anxiety disorder
Background: Previous research suggests that intranasal oxytocin may promote trust, social cooperation, and emotion recognition in humans. In addition, oxytocin’s effects may be moderated byExpand
Neurochemistry of Prosocial Decision Making: The Role of Dopamine, Serotonin, and Oxytocin
Neurotransmitters impact behavior by altering the signal transduction between neurons in the central nervous system, thereby channeling information that will affect how decisions are framed. In thisExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 135 REFERENCES
Effects of intranasal oxytocin and vasopressin on cooperative behavior and associated brain activity in men
The neural mechanisms supporting social bonds between adult men remain uncertain. In this double-blind, placebo-controlled study, we investigate the impact of intranasally administered oxytocin (OT)Expand
Oxytocin and the neural mechanisms regulating social cognition and affiliative behavior
TLDR
The role of oxytocin in the regulation of prosocial interactions is reviewed, the neuroanatomy of the central oxytocIn system is discussed, and the nature of Oxytocin release within the brain is discussed. Expand
The Neuropeptide Oxytocin Regulates Parochial Altruism in Intergroup Conflict Among Humans
TLDR
Results showed that oxytocin drives a “tend and defend” response in that it promoted in-group trust and cooperation, and defensive, but not offensive, aggression toward competing out-groups, so there may be a neurobiological basis for intergroup conflict in humans. Expand
Intranasal Oxytocin Increases Positive Communication and Reduces Cortisol Levels During Couple Conflict
TLDR
These results are in line with animal studies indicating that central oxytocin facilitates approach and pair bonding behavior, and imply an involvement of oxytocIn in couple interaction and close relationships in humans. Expand
Oxytocin Enhances Amygdala-Dependent, Socially Reinforced Learning and Emotional Empathy in Humans
TLDR
Findings provide the first demonstration that OT can facilitate amygdala-dependent, socially reinforced learning and emotional empathy in men, as well as two patients with selective bilateral damage to the amygdala. Expand
Effects of Oxytocin and Prosocial Behavior on Brain Responses to Direct and Vicariously Experienced Pain
TLDR
The results suggest that selfish individuals may not be as rational and unemotional as usually suggested, their actions being determined by their feeling anxious rather than by reason. Expand
Oxytocin promotes human ethnocentrism
TLDR
Findings call into question the view of oxytocin as an indiscriminate “love drug” or “cuddle chemical” and suggest that Oxytocin has a role in the emergence of intergroup conflict and violence. Expand
Oxytocin Shapes the Neural Circuitry of Trust and Trust Adaptation in Humans
TLDR
It is found that subjects in the oxytocin group show no change in their trusting behavior after they learned that their trust had been breached several times while subjects receiving placebo decrease their trust. Expand
Oxytocin Modulates Neural Circuitry for Social Cognition and Fear in Humans
TLDR
It is shown that human amygdala function is strongly modulated by oxytocin, and this results indicate a neural mechanism for the effects of Oxytocin in social cognition in the human brain and provide a methodology and rationale for exploring therapeutic strategies in disorders in which abnormal amygdala function has been implicated, such as social phobia or autism. Expand
Oxytocin and cooperation under conditions of uncertainty: The modulating role of incentives and social information
TLDR
Investigating how OT interacts with two well-studied determinants of cooperative behavior: incentives and social information found social information appears to be crucial for OT to boost cooperative expectations in an interdependent social interaction that provides incentives to cooperate. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...