Oxytocin increases trust in humans

@article{Kosfeld2005OxytocinIT,
  title={Oxytocin increases trust in humans},
  author={Michael Kosfeld and Markus Heinrichs and Paul J. Zak and Urs Fischbacher and Ernst Fehr},
  journal={Nature},
  year={2005},
  volume={435},
  pages={673-676}
}
Trust pervades human societies. Trust is indispensable in friendship, love, families and organizations, and plays a key role in economic exchange and politics. In the absence of trust among trading partners, market transactions break down. In the absence of trust in a country's institutions and leaders, political legitimacy breaks down. Much recent evidence indicates that trust contributes to economic, political and social success. Little is known, however, about the biological basis of trust… Expand

Paper Mentions

Interventional Clinical Trial
The investigators will test whether intranasal oxytocin (24 IU vs placebo) will induce effects on attention bias and startle comparable to those the investigators have shown to be… Expand
ConditionsPosttraumatic Stress Disorder
InterventionDrug
Interventional Clinical Trial
This experiment will explore the joint effects of social information, social support, associative learning, and oxytocin on the development of placebo analgesia. The investigators… Expand
ConditionsPain
InterventionDrug
Oxytocin and the Biological Basis for Interpersonal and Political Trust
Political scientists have documented the many ways in which trust influences attitudes and behaviors that are important for the legitimacy and stability of democratic political systems. They haveExpand
Testosterone decreases trust in socially naïve humans
TLDR
Compared with the placebo, testosterone significantly decreases interpersonal trust, and it is suggested that testosterone adaptively increases social vigilance in these trusting individuals to better prepare them for competition over status and valued resources. Expand
Oxytocin Facilitates Social Learning by Promoting Conformity to Trusted Individuals
TLDR
It is proposed that a key role for oxytocin is not in facilitating social trust per se but in conforming to, and learning from, trusted individuals who are either in-group members and/or perceived experts. Expand
Oxytocin-Trust Link in Oxytocin-Sensitive Participants and Those Without Autistic Traits
TLDR
The results should be interpreted with caution as the effect size was not larger than the minimal detectable effect size and the results were not statistically significant (P > 0.05) after Bonferroni corrections. Expand
Oxytocin Shapes the Neural Circuitry of Trust and Trust Adaptation in Humans
TLDR
It is found that subjects in the oxytocin group show no change in their trusting behavior after they learned that their trust had been breached several times while subjects receiving placebo decrease their trust. Expand
U-Shaped Relation between Plasma Oxytocin Levels and Behavior in the Trust Game
TLDR
It is hypothesized that baseline plasma OT is a biomarker that partially predicts the degree of trust and trustworthiness observed in the trust game, and a significant U-shaped relationship between plasma OT with the level of trust, and marginally with thelevel of trustworthiness is observed. Expand
Oxytocin, Trust, and Trustworthiness: The Moderating Role of Music
Evidence has indicated that the neuroactive hormone oxytocin is essential for prosocial behavior, particularly trust. Exogenous administration of oxytocin has been shown to increase trust in humans.Expand
Does Oxytocin Increase Trust in Humans? A Critical Review of Research
TLDR
It is concluded that the cumulative evidence does not provide robust convergent evidence that human trust is reliably associated with OT (or caused by it) and constructive ideas for improving the robustness and rigor of OT research are presented. Expand
Oxytocin, vasopressin and trust: Associations with aggressive behavior in healthy young males
TLDR
The study suggests that oxytocin may be particularly modified by affiliative behaviors, and highlights the potential for clinical translation regarding the treatment of patients who exhibit recurrent aggressive behavior. Expand
Human behaviour: Brain trust
TLDR
A study of nearly 200 Zurich students playing an investment game with real money has come up with a finding of startling simplicity: the hormone oxytocin increases an individual's willingness to trust someone. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 44 REFERENCES
Explaining altruistic behavior in humans
Recent experimental research has revealed forms of human behavior involving interaction among unrelated individuals that have proven difficult to explain in terms of kin or reciprocal altruism. OneExpand
Status and Distrust: The Relevance of Inequality and Betrayal Aversion
Trust is related to people's willingness to accept vulnerability, composed of their willingness to accept the risk of being worse off than if they had never trusted, the risk of being worse off thanExpand
Cellular Mechanisms of Social Attachment
TLDR
It is hypothesize that oxytocin and vasopressin may be facilitating affiliation and social attachment in monogamous species by modulating these reward pathways. Expand
Social support and oxytocin interact to suppress cortisol and subjective responses to psychosocial stress
TLDR
Oxytocin seems to enhance the buffering effect of social support on stress responsiveness, concur with data from animal research suggesting an important role of oxytocin as an underlying biological mechanism for stress-protective effects of positive social interactions. Expand
Oxytocin Receptor Distribution Reflects Social Organization in Monogamous and Polygamous Voles
  • L. Shapiro, T. Insel
  • Medicine, Biology
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
  • 1992
TLDR
It is demonstrated that species from the genus Microtus (voles) selected for differences in social affiliation show contrasting patterns of oxytocin receptor expression in brain, and it is suggested that variable expression of the oxytocIn receptor in brain may be an important mechanism in evolution of species-typical Differences in social bonding and affiliative behavior. Expand
Trust and Growth
Why does trust vary so substantially across countries? This paper presents a general equilibrium growth model in which heterogeneous agents transact and face a moral hazard problem. Agents may trustExpand
Trust, Reciprocity, and Social History
Abstract We designed an experiment to study trust and reciprocity in an investment setting. This design controls for alternative explanations of behavior including repeat game reputation effects,Expand
OXYTOCIN MAY MEDIATE THE BENEFITS OF POSITIVE SOCIAL INTERACTION AND EMOTIONS 1 The purpose of this paper is to describe the neuroendocrine mechanisms of positive social interactions. 1
TLDR
The long-term lowering of blood pressure and of cortisol levels as well as the sedative effects of oxytocin have been found to be related to an increased activity of central alpha 2-adrenoceptors, which may explain the health-promoting effects of certain alternative therapies. Expand
Selective amnesic effects of oxytocin on human memory
TLDR
Findings concur with data from animal research suggesting that central oxytocin selectively influences memory performance depending on the kind of memory test used and, more importantly, the psychobiological relevance of stimuli. Expand
Does Social Capital Have an Economic Payoff? A Cross-Country Investigation
This paper presents evidence that "social capital" matters for measurable economic performance, using indicators of trust and civic norms from the World Values Surveys for a sample of 29 marketExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...