Oxygen-dependent and tissue-specific regulation of erythropoietin gene expression.

@article{Fandrey2004OxygendependentAT,
  title={Oxygen-dependent and tissue-specific regulation of erythropoietin gene expression.},
  author={Joachim Fandrey},
  journal={American journal of physiology. Regulatory, integrative and comparative physiology},
  year={2004},
  volume={286 6},
  pages={
          R977-88
        }
}
  • J. Fandrey
  • Published 1 June 2004
  • Biology
  • American journal of physiology. Regulatory, integrative and comparative physiology
Hypoxia-inducible expression of the gene encoding for the glycoprotein hormone erythropoietin (EPO) is the paradigm of oxygen-regulated gene expression. EPO is the main regulator of red blood cell production and more than 100 years of research on the regulation of EPO production have led to the identification of a widespread cellular oxygen sensing mechanism. Central to this signaling cascade is the transcription factor complex hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1). Meanwhile, it is known that HIF… 

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HYPOXIA‐INDUCED ERYTHROPOIETIN PRODUCTION: A PARADIGM FOR OXYGEN‐REGULATED GENE EXPRESSION

TLDR
In humans and other mammals, hypoxia modulates EPO levels by increasing expression of the EPO gene, and the HIF system is implicated in the pathophysiology of many human diseases.

Nonrenal regulation of EPO synthesis.

TLDR
An overview of the molecular aspects ofEPO gene regulation by hypoxia-inducible transcription factors and of the tissue-specific regulation of EPO production in adult mammals is provided.

Oxygen-regulated expression of the erythropoietin gene in the human renal cell line REPC.

TLDR
The human kidney cell line REPC (for renal Epo-producing cells), established from an explanted human kidney exhibiting EPO gene expression and release of the EPO protein in an oxygen-dependent manner, is presented for the first time.

Molecular Insights into the Oxygen-Sensing Pathway and Erythropoietin Expression Regulation in Erythropoiesis

TLDR
Additional molecular mechanisms involved in the HIF-EPO pathway that correlate with erythropoiesis are investigated, including genes encoding transcription factors and proteins that control transcriptional activation or repression; genes encoding kinases, deacetylases, methyltransferases, conjugating enzymes, protein ligases, and proteases involved in post-translational modifications; and genes encoding nuclear transport receptors that regulate nuclear transport.

Herpesvirus entry mediator regulates hypoxia-inducible factor-1α and erythropoiesis in mice.

TLDR
Signaling through herpesvirus entry mediator (HVEM), a molecule of the TNF receptor superfamily, promoted HIF-1α activity in the kidney and subsequently facilitated renal Epo production and erythropoiesis in vivo under normoxic conditions, suggesting this molecular mechanism could represent a therapeutic target for Epo-responsive diseases, including anemia.

Hepatic HIF-2 regulates erythropoietic responses to hypoxia in renal anemia.

TLDR
Evidence that hepatocyte-derived Hif-2 is involved in the regulation of iron metabolism genes is provided, supporting a role for HIF-2 in the coordination of EPO synthesis with iron homeostasis.

Hypoxia-inducible factor-2 (HIF-2) regulates hepatic erythropoietin in vivo.

TLDR
Conditional inactivation of Hif-2alpha in pVHL-deficient mice suppressed hepatic Epo and the development of polycythemia is shown, providing genetic evidence that HIF-1 and H IF-2 have distinct roles in the regulation of hypoxia-inducible genes and that EPO is preferentially regulated by HIFs in the liver.

Oxygen-dependent Regulation of Transcription by the Hypoxia-inducible Factor-1

TLDR
Evidence is provided that, under hypoxic conditions, the high affinity of HIF-1α for limiting amounts of CBP, may interfere with other CBP-dependent pathways.

List of contributors

TLDR
Evidence of EPO as a protective factor in various injury models in the nervous system and heart has raised the possibility that EPO can exert protective effects in many organs in the body, however, whether the mechanism of protective action involves inhibition of apoptosis remains to be seen.

Hypoxic regulation of erythropoiesis and iron metabolism.

  • V. Haase
  • Biology, Medicine
    American journal of physiology. Renal physiology
  • 2010
TLDR
Recent insights into the molecular mechanisms that control and integrate cellular and systemic erythropoiesis-promoting hypoxia responses and their potential as a therapeutic target for the treatment of renal anemia are discussed in this review.
...

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