Oxidative stress and birth defects in infants of women with pregestational diabetes.

  title={Oxidative stress and birth defects in infants of women with pregestational diabetes.},
  author={Sonia Clap{\'e}s and Tammy Fern{\'a}ndez and Gipsis Su{\'a}rez},
  journal={MEDICC review},
  volume={15 1},
Hyperglycemia characteristic of diabetes mellitus triggers pathological processes in fetal development of various structures such as the retina, peripheral nerves, renal glomerulus, and arterial and venous beds. Women with diabetes prior to conception have children with birth defects three to five times more frequently than women without diabetes. There is no specific pattern of birth defects, but the central nervous and cardiovascular systems are the most affected. Hyperglycemia leads to… CONTINUE READING
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