Oxidative damage to rat brain in iron and copper overloads.

Abstract

This study reports on the acute brain toxicity of Fe and Cu in male Sprague-Dawley rats (200 g) that received 0 to 60 mg kg(-1) (ip) FeCl2 or CuSO4. Brain metal contents and time-responses were determined for rat survival, in situ brain chemiluminescence and phospholipid and protein oxidation products. Metal doses hyperbolically defined brain metal content. Rat survival was 91% and 60% after Fe and Cu overloads. Brain metal content increased from 35 to 114 μg of Fe per g and from 3.6 to 34 μg of Cu per g. Brain chemiluminescence (10 cps cm(-2)) increased 3 and 2 times after Fe and Cu overloads, with half maximal responses (C50) of 38 μg of Fe per g of brain and 15 μg of Cu per g of brain, and with half time responses (t1/2) of 12 h for Fe and 20 h for Cu. Phospholipid peroxidation increased by 56% and 31% with C50 of 40 μg of Fe per g and 20 μg of Cu per g and with t1/2 of 9 h and 14 h. Protein oxidation increased by 45% for Fe with a C50 of 40 μg of Fe per g and 18% for Cu with a C50 of 10 μg of Cu per g and a t1/2 of 12 h for both metals. Fe and Cu brain toxicities are likely mediated by Haber-Weiss type HO˙ formation with subsequent oxidative damage.

DOI: 10.1039/c3mt00378g

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@article{MusaccoSebio2014OxidativeDT, title={Oxidative damage to rat brain in iron and copper overloads.}, author={Rosario Musacco-Sebio and Nidia F. Ferrarotti and Christian Saporito-Magri{\~n}{\'a} and Jimena Semprine and Juli{\'a}n A Fuda and Horacio E Torti and Alberto Boveris and Marisa G. Repetto}, journal={Metallomics : integrated biometal science}, year={2014}, volume={6 8}, pages={1410-6} }