Own�?Nationality Bias: Evidence from UEFA Champions League Football Referees

  title={Own�?Nationality Bias: Evidence from UEFA Champions League Football Referees},
  author={Bryson R. Pope and Nolan G. Pope},
  journal={Organizations & Markets: Policies & Processes eJournal},
  • Bryson R. Pope, Nolan G. Pope
  • Published 2015
  • Economics
  • Organizations & Markets: Policies & Processes eJournal
  • type="main" xml:id="ecin12180-abs-0001"> We examine the existence and magnitude of own-nationality bias. Using player-match level data from 12 seasons of the UEFA Champions League (UCL) and referee assignment policies that pair players and referees from the same country, we determine the bias that referees exhibit toward players from their native country. Players officiated by a referee from the same country receive a 10% increase in beneficial foul calls. Referees' own-nationality bias is more… CONTINUE READING
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