Overview of the BTeV Pixel Detector

Abstract

BTeV is a new Fermilab beauty and charm experiment designed to operate in the CZero region of the Tevatron collider. Critical to the success of BTeV is its pixel detector. The unique features of this pixel detector include its proximity to the beam, its operation with a beam crossing time of 132 ns, and the need for the detector information to be read out quickly enough to be used for the lowest level trigger. This talk presents an overview of the pixel detector design, giving the motivations for the technical choices made. The status of the current R&D on detector components is also reviewed. Additional Pixel 2002 talks on the BTeV pixel detector are given by Dave Christian[1], Mayling Wong[2], and Sergio Zimmermann[3]. Table 1 gives a selection of pixel detector parameters for the ALICE, ATLAS, BTeV, and CMS experiments. Comparing the progression of this table, which I have been updating for the last several years, has shown a convergence of specifications. Nevertheless, significant differences endure. The BTeV data-driven readout, horizontal and vertical position resolution better than 9 μm withing the ± 300 mr forward acceptance, and positioning in vacuum and as close as 6 mm from the circulating beams remain unique. These features are driven by the physics goals of the BTeV experiment. Table 2 demonstrates that the vertex trigger performance made possible by these features is requisite for a very large fraction of the B meson decay physics which is so central to the motivation for BTeV. For most of the physics quantities of interest listed in the table, the vertex trigger is essential. The performance of the BTeV pixel detector may be summarized by looking at particular physics examples; e.g., the Bs meson decay Bs → D− s K. For that decay, studies using GEANT3 simulations provide quantitative measures of performance. For example, the separation between the Bs decay point and the primary protonantiproton interaction can be measured with an rms uncertainty of 138 μm. This, with the uncertainty in the decay vertex position, leads to an uncertainty of the Bs proper decay time of 46 fs. Even if the parameter xs equals 25 (where the current lower limit on xs is about 15), the corresponding relevant proper time is 400 fs. So, the detector resolution is more than adequate to make an excellent measurement of this parameter.

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Cite this paper

@inproceedings{Appel2003OverviewOT, title={Overview of the BTeV Pixel Detector}, author={Jeffrey A. Appel}, year={2003} }