Overview of external reference pricing systems in Europe.

  title={Overview of external reference pricing systems in Europe.},
  author={C{\'e}cile R{\'e}muzat and Duccio Urbinati and Olfa Mzoughi and Emna El Hammi and Wael Belgaied and Mondher Toumi},
  journal={Journal of market access & health policy},
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES External reference pricing (ERP) is a price regulation tool widely used by policy makers in the European Union (EU) Member States (MS) to contain drug cost, although in theory, it may contribute to modulate prices up and down. The objective of this article was to summarise and discuss the main findings of part of a large project conducted for the European Commission ('External reference pricing of medicinal products: simulation-based considerations for cross-country… CONTINUE READING

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