Overview of Intraoperative Neurophysiological Monitoring During Spine Surgery.

  title={Overview of Intraoperative Neurophysiological Monitoring During Spine Surgery.},
  author={Parastou Shilian and Gabriel Zada and Aaron C Kim and Andres A. Gonzalez},
  journal={Journal of clinical neurophysiology : official publication of the American Electroencephalographic Society},
  volume={33 4},
Intraoperative neurophysiologic monitoring has had major advances in the past few decades. During spine surgery, the use of multimodality monitoring enables us to assess the integrity of the spinal cord, nerve roots, and peripheral nerves. The authors present a practical approach to the current modalities in use during spine surgery, including somatosensory evoked potentials, motor evoked potentials, spinal D-waves, and free-run and triggered electromyography. Understanding the complementary… CONTINUE READING