Overtraining and Recovery

  title={Overtraining and Recovery},
  author={G{\"o}ran Kentt{\"a} and Peter Hassm{\'e}n},
  journal={Sports Medicine},
Fiercer competition between athletes and a wider knowledge of optimal training regimens dramatically influence current training methods. A single training bout per day was previously considered sufficient, whereas today athletes regularly train twice a day or more. Consequently, the number of athletes who are overtraining and have insufficient rest is increasing.Positive overtraining can be regarded as a natural process when the end result is adaptation and improved performance; the… 
Prevention, diagnosis and treatment of the Overtraining Syndrome
A “check list” is proposed that might help the physicians and sport scientists to decide on the diagnosis of OTS and to exclude other possible causes of underperformance.
Trainability of young athletes and overtraining.
Children's strength, anaerobic and aerobic power is trainable, although the improvements may be smaller than seen in adults, and limited available evidence indicates an occurrence of overtraining in young athletes of around 30%.
Psychological, physiological and biochemical markers of the training load and the overtraining effects
The purpose of this review of the speciali-zed literature was to discuss how psychological, physiological and biochemical markers, such as mood state, overtraining score, resting heart rate variability and creatine kinase, are associated with training load and overtraining.
Diagnosis of Overtraining in Athletes High Performance: Literature Review
The main methods of diagnosis of TS are discussed and the importance of injury prevention and therapy treatment of highperformance athletes is discussed, in Portuguese, English and Spanish.
Training Principles and Issues for Ultra‐endurance Athletes
Today's ultra-endurance athlete must also follow appropriate nutritional practices in order to recover and prepare for daily training and remain injury free and healthy.
Analysis of Overtraining Symptoms during Training and Rehabilitation Periods: A Case Study of Women's Volleyball Super League Team 2003/2004
Overtraining is a process involving progressively increased training to a high absolute level that is in excess of more routine training undertaken to maintain performance. However, its excessive
Unexplained underperformance syndrome in sport horses: classification, potential causes and recognition.
There is now sufficient evidence that red cell hypervolaemia is not a mechanism for the OTS in horses and standardised exercise tests are suggested to provide a way to detect subtle changes in hormonal responses in the individual, which may make an important contribution to the detection of early overtraining.
Preventing overtraining in athletes in high‐intensity sports and stress/recovery monitoring
  • M. Kellmann
  • Education
    Scandinavian journal of medicine & science in sports
  • 2010
The importance of recovery for elite athletes is highlighted and an overview of monitoring instruments is provided to assist with research that addresses the avoidance of overtraining, maximizes recovery, and successfully negotiates the fine line between high and excessive training loads.
Monitoring fatigue and recovery in rugby league players.
  • C. TwistJ. Highton
  • Education
    International journal of sports physiology and performance
  • 2013
Simple measure of muscle function and simulated performance offer the most practical and appropriate method of determining the extent of fatigue experienced by rugby league players.


Overtraining in endurance athletes: a brief review.
Recommendations for training monitoring can be made, but their relevance in the practice must still be clarified; changes in blood chemistry variables, hormone levels, and nocturnal urinary catecholamine excretion are required.
Psychological monitoring of overtraining and staleness.
The results indicate that mood state disturbances increased in a dose-response manner as the training stimulus increased and that these mood disturbances fell to baseline levels with reduction of the training load.
Markers for monitoring overtraining and recovery.
It was concluded that self-reported ratings of well-being may provide a efficient means of monitoring both overtraining and recovery; plasma catecholamine levels at rest may provide an additional objective tool for diagnosis.
Adaptation and overtraining in horses subjected to increasing training loads.
It was concluded that as long as exhaustive training is alternated by light exercise, overtraining is unlikely to occur and no single parameter can be used to detect early overtraining.
Potential markers of heavy training in highly trained distance runners.
It is concluded that minor and transient changes of immune function may possibly be a warning that training is becoming excessive, but they have only a limited significance for overall immune function.
A physiological/psychological indicator of over-reaching during intensive training.
The hypothesis that a decrease in the ratio of blood lactate concentration to ratings of perceived exertion would indicate an over-reached state was tested and the ease and speed at which the HLa:RPE ratio can be determined may make it useful for coaches and athletes in monitoring intensive exercise training and recovery.
Mood disturbance following increased training in swimmers.
It is concluded that significant psychometric changes occur with an intense 10-d training regimen, and these alterations resemble those observed in swimmers exposed to increased training across several months.
Effects of repeated days of intensified training on muscle glycogen and swimming performance.
The findings of this research suggest that some swimmers may experience chronic muscular fatigue as a result of their failure to ingest sufficient carbohydrate to match the energy demands of heavy training.
Mood states as an indication of staleness and recovery.
Elite athletes repeatedly completed the Profile of Mood States (POMS) during a six month training season to determine whether athletes who are stale show different values from those who are intensely
Psychological and immunological correlates of acute overtraining.
Five men became acutely overtrained as indicated by significant reductions in running performance from day 1 to day 11, accompanied by severe fatigue, immune system deficits, mood disturbance, physical complaints, sleep difficulties, and reduced appetite.