Overtraining Syndrome

@article{Kreher2012OvertrainingS,
  title={Overtraining Syndrome},
  author={Jeffrey B. Kreher and Jennifer B. Schwartz},
  journal={Sports Health},
  year={2012},
  volume={4},
  pages={128 - 138}
}
Context: Fatigue and underperformance are common in athletes. Understanding overtraining syndrome (OTS) is helpful in the evaluation, management, and education of athletes. Evidence Acquisition: Relevant articles in English were searched with OVID (1948-2011) and PubMed using the following keywords: overtraining syndrome, overtraining, overreaching, unexplained underperformance, staleness, pathophysiology, management, treatment, evaluation. Bibliographies were reviewed for additional resources… Expand

Figures, Tables, and Topics from this paper

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TLDR
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TLDR
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Diagnosis of Overtraining Syndrome: Results of the Endocrine and Metabolic Responses on Overtraining Syndrome Study: EROS-DIAGNOSIS
TLDR
Innovative tools with 100% accuracy for the diagnosis of OTS are identified, without the need to exclude confounding disorders. Expand
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TLDR
The findings suggest that OTS is likely triggered by multiple factors, not restricted to excessive training, resulted from a chronic energy deprivation, leading to multiple losses in the conditioning processes typically observed in healthy athletes, as a combination of ‘paradoxical deconditioning’ processes. Expand
Overtraining Syndrome one more piece of the Central Sensitivity Syndrome puzzle
TLDR
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PREGLEDNI ČLANAK HEART RATE MODULATIONS IN OVERTRAINING SYNDROME
Every sports training program includes a component of repetitive overloading, but with an inadequate recovery time, such overloading may produce undesired eff ects, such as chronic fatigue and a lackExpand
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References

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Prevention, diagnosis and treatment of the Overtraining Syndrome
Abstract Successful training must involve overload but also must avoid the combination of excessive overload plus inadequate recovery. Athletes can experience short term performance decrement,Expand
Is plasma viscosity a predictor of overtraining in athletes?
TLDR
Results show that etap is a rather specific, although poorly sensitive predictor of overreaching but has no interest in the diagnosis of the overtraining syndrome itself. Expand
Diagnosis of Overtraining
TLDR
There has been little improvement in recent years in the tools available for the diagnosis of OTS, and measurements at rest of selected blood markers or hormones including the ratio between (free) serum testosterone and cortisol are not useful in the diagnosis. Expand
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TLDR
It is proposed that OTS and clinical depression have similar aetiologies, and novel recommendations are proposed for the treatment of overtrained athletes with antidepressant medications, and guidelines are provided for psychological counselling. Expand
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On 19 April 1999 the authors held a round table discussion at St Catherine's College, Oxford in order to clarify the diagnostic criteria to be used in the future on the criteria for diagnosis of patients with chronic fatigue. Expand
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TLDR
An in-depth knowledge of periodisation of training theory may be necessary to promote optimal performance improvements, prevent overtraining, and develop a system for incorporating a screening system into the training programme. Expand
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TLDR
It is hoped that future research will focus on endogenous risk factors for morbidities related to the neuro-endocrine-immune adaptation to exercise, including the Smith’s cytokine hypothesis of OTS. Expand
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TLDR
With a very careful exercise regimen and regeneration strategies, symptoms normally resolve in 6-12 weeks but may continue much longer or recur if athletes return to hard training too soon. Expand
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TLDR
Parallels between commonly used models for NFO and O TS and a threshold theory support the idea that psychomotor speed is impaired in athletes with NFO or OTS and could also be used as an early marker to prevent N FO and/or OTS. Expand
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TLDR
Assessment of the incidence and symptomatology of NFOR/OT in young English athletes found OT is not solely a training load-related problem with both physical and psychosocial factors identified as important contributors. Expand
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