Overstating the Role of Environmental Factors in Success: A Cautionary Note

  title={Overstating the Role of Environmental Factors in Success: A Cautionary Note},
  author={David Moreau and Brooke N. Macnamara and David Z. Hambrick},
  journal={Current Directions in Psychological Science},
  pages={28 - 33}
Several currently popular areas of research—brain training, mind-set, grit, deliberate practice, and the bilingual advantage—are premised on the idea that environmental factors are the overwhelming determinants of success in real-world pursuits. Here, we describe the major claims from each of these areas of research and discuss evidence for these claims, particularly focusing on meta-analyses. We suggest that overemphasizing the malleability of abilities and other traits can have negative… 
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