Overland heroin trafficking routes and HIV-1 spread in south and south-east Asia

  title={Overland heroin trafficking routes and HIV-1 spread in south and south-east Asia},
  author={Chris Beyrer and Myat Htoo Razak and Khomdon Singh Lisam and Jie Chen and Wei Xin Lui and Xiao Fang Yu},
ObjectivesBurma produces approximately 60% of the world's heroin, Laos is the third leading producer. Recent outbreaks of injecting drug use and HIV-1 in Burma, India, China, and Vietnam have been associated with Burmese and Laotian overland heroin trafficking routes. We analyzed findings from narcotics investigations, molecular epidemiology studies of HIV-1, and epidemiologic and behavioral studies of injecting drug use, to evaluate the roles that the heroin export routes play in the spread of… 

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