Overexpressed mutant optineurin(E50K) induces retinal ganglion cells apoptosis via the mitochondrial pathway

Abstract

Mutations in the coding region of the OPTN gene are associated with certain glaucomas. Although the function of the optineurin protein is yet to be elucidated, the most common mutation, E50K, is associated with a severe phenotype. Plasmids expressing wild-type Optineurin (WT) and mutant Optineurin(E50K) were transfected into RGC-5 and monitored by immunofluorescence staining and western blotting. The mutant Optineurin(E50K) induced the death of retinal ganglion cells by generation of reactive oxygen species accompanied disruption of mitochondrial transmembrane potential, down-regulation of bcl-2, and up-regulation of bax, which led to the release of cytochrome C from the mitochondria into the cytosol, which, in turn, resulted in the activation of caspase-9 and caspase-3, indicating that mutant Optineurin(E50K) acquired the ability to induce cell death through the mitochondrial caspase-dependent cell death pathway.

DOI: 10.1007/s11033-011-1397-7

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@article{Meng2011OverexpressedMO, title={Overexpressed mutant optineurin(E50K) induces retinal ganglion cells apoptosis via the mitochondrial pathway}, author={Qingfeng Meng and Jia Lv and Hongyan Ge and Lu Zhang and Fei Xue and Yuanmao Zhu and Ping Liu}, journal={Molecular Biology Reports}, year={2011}, volume={39}, pages={5867-5873} }