Overcoming the Language Barrier: an In-depth Study of the Tanzania Secondary School Science Teachers’ Initiatives in Coping with the English-kiswahili Dilemma in the Teaching- Learning Process

  • Halima M. Mwinsheikke
  • Published 2004

Abstract

The importance of proficiency in the medium of instruction on the part of teachers, as a crucial tool in facilitating effective teaching/learning, can not be overemphasized. This study focuses on the MOI English/Kiswahili dilemma that secondary school science teacher in Tanzania face and how they cope with in order to make teaching and learning meaningful and effective. Key concern is to find out the kind of coping initiatives these teachers employ, why they do so and the effect such strategies have on student participation and performance. The research is interpretative and will utilize both qualitative and quantitative approaches with a research design based on phenomenology and quasiexperimentation. Four methods of data collection will be used: 1. The questionnaire with closed and open-ended items for teachers and students 2. Observation: (i) Classroom observation to be conducted during lessons taught in Kiswahili and in English media. (ii) out-of-class observation to be conducted when teachers and students are verbally interacting during activities pertaining to the teaching/learning process. 3. Interview: (i) In-depth face to face interview involving education officials, (ii) focus group interview involving science teachers 4. Document analysis of staff meeting minutes, department meeting minutes, teacher on duty reports, bulletin board announcements and pretests and posttests. An iterative (nonlinear) data analysis process for qualitative data and t test for quantitative data will be used. Purpose of the Study The purpose of this study is to investigate the various initiatives taken by science teachers in Tanzania secondary schools in coping with the problem of the medium of instruction (MOI) arising from poor mastery of English by teachers and students. Especially the study focuses on the linguistic interactions that take place in the process of teaching and learning science. Research Objectives This Study aims at attaining the following objectives: 1. To find out the extent of the problem of English proficiency in science teachers and students in Tanzania secondary schools

Cite this paper

@inproceedings{Mwinsheikke2004OvercomingTL, title={Overcoming the Language Barrier: an In-depth Study of the Tanzania Secondary School Science Teachers’ Initiatives in Coping with the English-kiswahili Dilemma in the Teaching- Learning Process}, author={Halima M. Mwinsheikke}, year={2004} }