Over-Production of Personnel and Innovation in Three Social Settings

  title={Over-Production of Personnel and Innovation in Three Social Settings},
  author={Michael Mulkay and Bryan S. Turner},
This paper attempts to establish that three distinct types of intellectual innovation have been accompanied by, and partly produced by, social processes set in motion by over-production of personnel. Over-production occurs when there is a rapid growth in the number of persons qualified to occupy positions involving expertise, without a corresponding increase in the number of positions available. It generates competition among eligible persons for scarce rewards, which, in turn leads them to… CONTINUE READING