• Corpus ID: 142324244

Output Hypothesis: Its History and Its Future

  title={Output Hypothesis: Its History and Its Future},
  author={Merrill and Swain and Yang and Luxin},
  journal={Foreign language teaching and research},
  • MerrillSwain Luxin
  • Published 2008
  • Psychology
  • Foreign language teaching and research
In this interview, Professor Swain discussed the history and future of the Output Hypothesis. First, she explained the context in which she proposed the Output Hypothesis in 1985. Then she stated that the Output Hypothesis proposes producing language (speaking or writing) as a part of the process of second/foreign language learning resulting from four functions of output processing. Next, she suggested that the Output Hypothesis is enriched by taking into consideration the perspective of… 

The Output Hypothesis and Its Implications for Language Teaching

The Output Hypothesis has been examined broadly in terms of its role in second language acquisition since it was first proposed by Swain. This paper introduces the Output Hypothesis with regard to

A Review of the Application and Development of Output Hypothesis Theory in Foreign Language Teaching

  • Wu YanminPeng Yi
  • Linguistics
    IRA International Journal of Education and Multidisciplinary Studies
  • 2019
This paper sorts out the development and application of output hypothesis theory in foreign language teaching in order to lay the foundation for further exploration.

Implication of Output Hypothesis on Teaching College English Writing

  • Hong Wei
  • Education
    World Journal of Education
  • 2018
In recent years, with the development of the research on the Output Hypothesis, many researchers and ChineseEnglish teachers have paid attention to this hypothesis. Since writing is considered to be

A Review of Output Hypothesis in College English Teaching and Learning

The paper reviews the development of Swain's Output Hypothesis since 1985 and proposed "Output-driven, input-enabled" hypothesis was proposed for university English teaching and learning closely connected with Chinese learners.

Foreign Language Activities on TIMeS: A Sampler of Ideas From the Spanish and Korean Modules

In an increasingly blended environment, language instructors now have to take on the additional responsibility of designing online language modules and tasks. Although they acknowledge that


In this study, data gathered by interviewing two groups of adult non-native language learners and a native speaker control group: advanced learners of English in Iran (NNS_IR), advanced learners of

The Effect of Comprehensible Input and Comprehensible Output on the Accuracy and Complexity of Iranian EFL Learners’ Oral Speech

The study supports Swain’s (1985) claim that there are roles for comprehensible output that are different from and independent of comprehensible input, and Skehan & Foster's (2001) theory regarding human beings’ limited attentional capacities that can be devoted to one aspect of oral speech at the expense of the other.

Pragmatic Competence in Business Context: A Case Study of Thai EFL University Students

The present study investigated the development of pragmatic competence of Thai EFL university students majoring in business studies. Data were collected from two groups of participants, 40 first-year

Effects of embedded summary writing on EFL learners’ anxiety and oral production in a computer-based testing environment

This study explores the effects of embedded summary writing, a form of rehearsal before the oral production, on easing English language learners’ speaking-related anxiety and improving their speaking

Addressing the intercultural via task-based language teaching: possibility or problem?

A frequent weakness of communicative approaches to foreign language teaching is a neglect of the intercultural dimension. Cultural knowledge is often treated as an addendum which focuses on learning