Outlines of a Topography of Cruelty: Citizenship and Civility in the Era of Global Violence

  title={Outlines of a Topography of Cruelty: Citizenship and Civility in the Era of Global Violence},
  author={{\'E}tienne Balibar},
  • É. Balibar
  • Published 1 March 2001
  • Political Science
  • Constellations
With this pretentious title, I want to continue investigating a nexus of problems, both theoretical and philosophical, which I already touched upon several times – particularly in my Wellek Lectures at Irvine in 1996.1 The term “cruelty” is chosen by convention (but with some literary references in mind) to indicate those forms of extreme violence, either intentional or systemic, physical or moral – although such distinctions become questionable precisely when we cross the lines of extremity… 
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