Outcomes and intentions in children’s, adolescents’, and adults’ second- and third-party punishment behavior

  title={Outcomes and intentions in children’s, adolescents’, and adults’ second- and third-party punishment behavior},
  author={Michaela Gummerum and Maria T. Chu},

Figures and Tables from this paper

When punishment is emotion‐driven: Children's, adolescents', and adults' costly punishment of unfair allocations

When do children, adolescents, and adults decide to punish fairness violations? Two studies with 9-year-old children, 13-year-old adolescents, and adults investigated whether the link between

The Importance of Unfair Intentions and Outcome Inequality for Punishment by Third Parties and Victims

Abstract. Retributive theories predominantly focus on third party’s motives for punishment, which are rather affected by the offender’s malicious intentions than the actual outcome of the offense.

Does third-party punishment in children aim at equality?

Third-party punishment has been regarded as an important mechanism to promote fairness. Although previous research has shown that children aged 6 and older punish unfair behaviors at a personal cost,

The Development of Intention-Based Morality: The Influence of Intention Salience and Recency, Negligence, and Outcome on Children’s and Adults’ Judgments

Comparisons of data across studies and experiments indicated that both changes increased the proportion of intention-based punishment judgments—but not acceptability judgments—across age-groups, and younger participants continued to judge according to outcome more than older participants.

"That's Not Fair!" Children's Judgments of Maternal Fairness and Good/Bad Intentions

Do children use their own moral judgments as a template against which to judge a parent’s fairness, and does that depend on the child’s age? Piaget’s concept of objective-to-subjective responsibility



Three-year-old children intervene in third-party moral transgressions.

This is the first study to show that children as young as 3 years of age actively intervene in third-party moral transgressions, and behaves prosocially towards the recipient more in the Harm than in the Control condition.

Children's judgements of psychological harm in normal and noncanonical situations.

The results show that children as young as 3 years are able to take into account other people's idiosyncratic perspectives when making moral judgments of psychological harm.

The Influence of Social Category and Reciprocity on Adults' and Children's Altruistic Behavior

Evolutionary theories of altruism have suggested that reciprocal exchanges and ingroup favoritism have been important strategies leading to the evolution of altruistic behavior among strangers. This

Intention, act, and outcome in behavioral prediction and moral judgment

72 children at 3, 4, and 5 years of age and 24 undergraduates were required to use information about intention under a normal causal system or a noncanonical one (e.g., hitting causes pleasure) to

Third Party Punishment and Social Norms

We examine the characteristics and relative strength of third-party sanctions in a series of experiments. We hypothesize that egalitarian distribution norms and cooperation norms apply in our

Fairness considerations: increasing understanding of intentionality during adolescence.