Outburst flood at 1920 BCE supports historicity of China’s Great Flood and the Xia dynasty

  title={Outburst flood at 1920 BCE supports historicity of China’s Great Flood and the Xia dynasty},
  author={Qinglong Wu and Zhijun Zhao and Li Liu and Darryl E. Granger and Hui Wang and David J. Cohen and Xiaohong Wu and Maolin Ye and Ofer Bar‐Yosef and Bin Lu and Jin Zhang and Peizhen Zhang and Dao-yang Yuan and Wuyun Qi and Linhai Cai and Shibiao Bai},
  pages={579 - 582}
Flood control initiates Chinese civilization Around four millennia ago, Emperor Yu the Great succeeded in controlling a huge flood in the Yellow River basin. This is considered to have led to the establishment of the Xia dynasty and the start of Chinese civilization. However, the dates of the events and the links between them have remained uncertain and controversial. Using stratigraphic data and radiocarbon dating, Wu et al. verify that the flood occurred and place the start of the Xia dynasty… 

The Jishi Outburst Flood of 1920 bce and the Great Flood Legend in Ancient China: Preliminary Reflections

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Response to Comments on “Outburst flood at 1920 BCE supports historicity of China’s Great Flood and the Xia dynasty”

Misconceptions concerning geologic evidence of the flood, its timing and magnitude, and the complex social-cultural response are clarified.

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The catastrophic landslide-dam outburst flood, possibly caused by the same earthquake that destroyed the well-dated Lajia archaeological site, in the upper reaches of the Yellow River in China, may

Comment on “Outburst flood at 1920 BCE supports historicity of China’s Great Flood and the Xia dynasty”

It is found that the conclusions about the scale of the dammed lake, the dating of the lake, and the peak discharge at the point of dam failure and at the Lajia site cannot be validated and the conjecture of the supposed Great Flood and its impact on the formation of the early Chinese dynasty is not substantiated.

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From AD 1048 to 1128, Yellow River flooding killed over a million people, left many more homeless and destitute, and turned parts of the once fertile North China Plain into a silted-up agricultural



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  • Sarah Allan
  • History, Education
    Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain & Ireland
  • 1984
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