Outbreak of diarrhoea due to Escherichia coli 0111:B4 in schoolchildren and adults: association of Vi antigen-like reactivity

  title={Outbreak of diarrhoea due to Escherichia coli 0111:B4 in schoolchildren and adults: association of Vi antigen-like reactivity},
  author={Matti K. Viljanen and Time Peltola and M Kuistila and P. Huovinen and Syt Junnila and L Olkkonen and Helinä Järvinen},
  journal={The Lancet},

High prevalence of atypical enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) in Norwegian children with diarrhoea.

It is demonstrated that atypical EPEC of non-EPEC serogroups is highly prevalent among Norwegian children with diarrhoea.

Outbreaks of food poisoning in adults due to Escherichia coli 0111 and campylobacter associated with coach trips to

Analysis of stool samples from a coach excursion to northern France suggested that the source of infections was a restaurant in northern France at which both parties had eaten.

Outbreaks of food poisoning in adults due to Escherichia coli O111 and campylobacter associated with coach trips to northern France

Analysis of stool samples from a coach excursion to northern France suggested that the source of infections was a restaurant in northern France at which both parties had eaten.

Age-specific prevalence of diffusely adherent Escherichia coli in Brazilian children with acute diarrhoea.

Data suggest that DAEC should be considered potential pathogens in the region of Brazil studied and found significantly more often from patients than from controls, particularly among children more than 1 year of age.

Molecular Epidemiology of Diarrhoeagenic Escherichia ColiAssociated with Sporadic Cases and Outbreaks of Diarrhoea between 2000 and 2001 in India

Clonotyping by PFGE revealed no correlation between pathotypes and serogroups as well as the place of isolation of the DEC strains, which suggests that the pathotypes of DEC belonged to diverse clones.

Characterization of a novel EAST‐negative enteropathogenic E. coli strain implicated in a food‐borne outbreak of diarrhoea in adults

Strain P2583 is the first EAST‐negative EPEC to be confirmed as a cause of outbreaks of infection in adults following the consumption of contaminated food or water and demonstrates that it was capable of inducing polymerization of actin at the sites of bacterial attachment.

Isolation of atypical enteropathogenic Escherichia coli from children with and without diarrhoea in Delhi and the National Capital Region, India.

It was observed that atypical EPEC strains had colonized the intestines of healthy children and its isolation rates were higher in healthy children than in children with diarrhoea, and the opinion that Shiga toxin-producing E. coli does not pose a major threat to human health in India is supported.

Association of atypical enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) with prolonged diarrhoea.

Atypical EPEC was found to be slightly more prevalent in patients than controls, without any overall significant association with diarrhoea, however, a significant association was observed with diarrhea lasting 14 days or more, a finding that may indicate a role for atypicalEPEC in prolonged disease.

Escherichia coli serotyping and disease in man and animals.

The two groups of pathogenic E. coli are both composed of a limited number of clones for which the O:K:H serotypes are excellent, although not faultless, markers.

Atypical enteropathogenic Escherichia coli as aetiologic agents of sporadic and outbreak-associated diarrhoea in Brazil.

PFGE of 14 aEPEC of serotypes isolated from five distinct outbreaks showed serotype-specific PFGE clusters, indicating a high degree of similarity among the isolates from the same event, thus highlighting these serotypes as potential aetiologic agents of diarrhoeal outbreaks in Brazil.



Bact. Coli D 433 in Cases of Diarrhoea in Adults

It is suggested that the incidence among healthy babies may be higher than earlier results have shown and the present methods of isolating the organism cannot be considered satisfactory, and in the absence of selective media it is probable that scanty infections might be missed.

Isolation of Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli from Household Pets. Relation to Infantile Diarrhea.

E Epidemiologic study in the case of an 11-month-old infant hospitalized for gastroenteritis revealed that a dog in the household was the specific source of infection.

Prevention of typhoid fever in Nepal with the Vi capsular polysaccharide of Salmonella typhi. A preliminary report.

Evidence that Vi antibodies confer protection against typhoid fever is provided, following a pilot study followed by a large clinical trial in Nepal, which involved 274 Nepalese.

Vi capsular polysaccharide-protein conjugates for prevention of typhoid fever. Preparation, characterization, and immunogenicity in laboratory animals

The Vi has proven to be a protective antigen in two double masked, controlled clinical trials in areas with high rates of typhoid fever, and conjugates of this polysaccharide with several medically relevant proteins induced booster responses in mice and in juvenile Rhesus monkeys.

Genetic regulation of variable Vi antigen expression in a strain of Citrobacter freundii

Certain strains of the genus Citrobacter exhibit a variable expression of the Vi surface antigen that appears to involve a special mechanism for regulation of gene expression. Two nonlinked

Actin accumulation at sites of bacterial adhesion to tissue culture cells: basis of a new diagnostic test for enteropathogenic and enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli

Results indicate that such site-specific concentrations of cytoskeletal actin are characteristic of the AE membrane lesion and can form the basis of a simple, highly sensitive diagnostic test for EPEC and EHEC.

Monoclonal antibodies against Escherichia coli heat-stable toxin (STa) and their use in a diagnostic ST ganglioside GM1-enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay

Seven monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) against heat-stable enterotoxin (ST) from a human Escherichia coli isolate were prepared and evaluated for their usefulness in an ST immunodetection assay, the ST

Rapid GM1-enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay with visual reading for identification of Escherichia coli heat-labile enterotoxin

A modified, quicker and simpler GM1-enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay procedure for detection of Escherichia coli heat-labile enterotoxin (LT) has been developed with the intent that it should be

Genetic Analysis of the ViA-his Chromosomal Region in Salmonella

The relative chromosomal location of the ViA determinant, a gene required for Vi antigen expression in Salmonella typhosa (and present also in S. typhimurium), and the gene order established by analyses of the hybrid classes resulting from the genetic crosses suggested that neither ViA nor O-5 is a member of the complex of functionally related structural genes which constitute the O-4 locus.