Outbreak of caterpillar dermatitis caused by airborne hairs of the mistletoe browntail moth (Euproctis edwardsi)

  title={Outbreak of caterpillar dermatitis caused by airborne hairs of the mistletoe browntail moth (Euproctis edwardsi)},
  author={Corrine R. Balit and Helen C Ptolemy and Merilyn J. Geary and Richard C Russell and Geoffrey K. Isbister},
  journal={Medical Journal of Australia},
Caterpillars may be an under‐recognised cause of skin and eye reactions. We report a four‐month outbreak of recurrent papulourticarial rash among staff and visitors at a community centre. The cause was eventually diagnosed as airborne hairs from caterpillars of the mistletoe browntail moth (Euproctis edwardsi), which infested a eucalypt tree growing in front of the centre. To our knowledge, this is the first clear case of airborne caterpillar hairs causing dermatitis in an indoor environment. 

Epidemic of processionary caterpillar dermatitis in military cadets

An epidemic of processionary caterpillar dermatitis occurring in military officer cadets participating in a field exercise, with at least 103 ADFA and RMC cadets affected with large areas of dermatitis with an urticarial rash.

Outbreak Report of Airborne Caterpillar Dermatitis in a Kindergarten

Lepidopterism, an airborne disease caused by the setae of the processionary caterpillar, is a growing public health problem because of the increasing numbers of outbreaks, and it is still underestimated because children seem to suffer more often from general symptoms and airway affection than adults.

Caterpillars and moths

  • E. Hossler
  • Biology, Medicine
    Dermatologic therapy
  • 2009
Reactions to Lepidoptera can be treated symptomatically with prompt removal of offending hairs, and in the case of potentially fatal Lonomia envenomation, an effective antivenin has been manufactured.

Saddleback Caterpillar Acharia stimulea (Clemens) (Insecta: Lepidoptera: Limacodidae)

Acharia stimulea is best known as a medically significant species that can cause a systemic condition called erucism or acute urticaria, for which severe symptoms may include migraines, gastrointestinal symptoms, asthma complications, anaphylactic shock, rupturing of erythrocytes, and hemorrhaging.

The evolving global epidemiology, syndromic classification, management, and prevention of caterpillar envenoming.

  • J. Diaz
  • Biology
    The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene
  • 2005
Caterpillars are the wormlike, larval forms of butterflies and moths of the insect order Lepidoptera that bear highly specialized external nettling or urticating hairs and breakaway spines or setae to defend against attacks by predators and enemies.

Control of Urticating Lepidoptera Outbreaks With Bacillus Thuringiensis Aerial Treatments

The main species of urticating Lepidoptera are presented, together with the environmentfriendly methods based on biological control agents and the technologies developed to treat large park and forest areas, in wild as well as urban environments.

Urticating hairs in arthropods: their nature and medical significance.

This review focuses on the true setae because their high density on a large number of common arthropod species has great implications for human and animal health and other mechanisms for setae-mediated disease are suggested.

Venomous caterpillars: From inoculation apparatus to venom composition and envenomation



The browntail moth, its caterpillar and their rash

  • C. Blair
  • Medicine
    Clinical and experimental dermatology
  • 1979
The browntail moth, or Euproctis chrysorroea Linn., is now the most important urticating lepidopterous species in the British Isles. The hairs of its caterpillars, either by direct contact or by

Envenomation by the billygoat plum stinging caterpillar (Thosea penthima)

The first case of envenomation by the billygoat plum stinging caterpillar, Thosea penthima Turner (Limacodidae), is reported, with immediate burning pain and local wheal formation.

Identification of Chironex fleckeri envenomation by nematocyst recovery from skin

Two methods of nematocyst retrieval from skin are prospectively compared for confirmation of Chironex fleckeri jellyfish envenomation.

Investigation of caterpillar dermatitis in school children

In February the South Western Sydney Public Health Unit received reports from a Community Health Centre and two parents indicating a large number of children at a local primary school had developed

Some harmful Australian insects

  • R. Southcott
  • Biology, Medicine
    The Medical journal of Australia
  • 1988
This chapter discusses the role of pigs in the dissemination of Ascaris and hookworm infection in Papua New Guinea and some aspects of the epidemiology of leptospirosis in New Guinea.

Topically applied aspirin rapidly decreases histamine-induced itch.

The current data suggest that topical application of aspirin may be beneficial for the treatment of histamine-mediated itch and its therapeutic role in the management of clinical itch remains to be determined.

Leptdoptensrn In the Australian region

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We lhank Dr James lsb isler (Roya l Norlh Sho re Hosp ital, Sydney, NSWj for prov id-!foil d ig Ital images 01the sticky lape slides and Mr Slephe n Doggett (Deparlmenl 01

    Arthropod biles and stings and other injurious effec ts, Sydney: SChool of PUblic Health and Trop ic al Medicine

    • 1975