Outbreak of Carbapenem-Resistant Enterobacteriaceae at a Long-Term Acute Care Hospital: Sustained Reductions in Transmission through Active Surveillance and Targeted Interventions

@article{Chitnis2012OutbreakOC,
  title={Outbreak of Carbapenem-Resistant Enterobacteriaceae at a Long-Term Acute Care Hospital: Sustained Reductions in Transmission through Active Surveillance and Targeted Interventions},
  author={Amit S. Chitnis and Pam S Caruthers and Agam K. Rao and JoAnne Lamb and Robert Lurvey and Valery Madsen Beau De Rochars and Brandon Kitchel and Margarita R. Cancio and Thomas J. T{\"o}r{\"o}k and Alice Y Guh and Carolyn V. Gould and Matthew E. Wise},
  journal={Infection Control \&\#x0026; Hospital Epidemiology},
  year={2012},
  volume={33},
  pages={984 - 992}
}
Objective. To describe a Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase (KPC)–producing carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) outbreak and interventions to prevent transmission. Design, Setting, and Patients. Epidemiologic investigation of a CRE outbreak among patients at a long-term acute care hospital (LTACH). Methods. Microbiology records at LTACH A from March 2009 through February 2011 were reviewed to identify CRE transmission cases and cases admitted with CRE. CRE bacteremia episodes were… 

Epidemiology of Carbapenem-Resistant Enterobacteriaceae at a Long-term Acute Care Hospital

The majority of patients with CRE presented several days to weeks after LTACH admission, indicating possible organism acquisition in the LTACH itself, and the genetic similarity of the CRE isolates tested could further indicate the occurrence of horizontal transmission in theLTACH.

Success of a National Intervention in Controlling Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae in Israel’s Long-term Care Facilities

A national, coordinated intervention resulted in a sustained decrease in CRE incidence and prevalence in LTCFs, and the assumption that centrally coordinated intervention is an essential public health tool in reducing CRE in healthcare facilities is supported.

Risk Factors for Colonization due to Carbapenem-Resistant Enterobacteriaceae among Patients: Exposed to Long-Term Acute Care and Acute Care Facilities

These results can be used to identify patients at increased risk for CRE colonization and to help target active surveillance programs in healthcare settings.

A National Intervention to Prevent the Spread of Carbapenem-Resistant Enterobacteriaceae in Israeli Post-Acute Care Hospitals

A nationwide infection control intervention was associated with enhanced infection control measures and a reduction in the prevalence of CRE in PACHs, indicating an important reservoir of antimicrobial-resistant bacteria.

Prevalence and Risk Factors for Acquisition of Carbapenem-Resistant Enterobacteriaceae in the Setting of Endemicity

Critical illness and underlying medical conditions, CRE colonization pressure, and antimicrobial exposure are important risk factors for CRE acquisition, and adherence to infection control practices and antimacterial stewardship appear to be critical components of a CRE control program.

Prevention of colonization and infection by Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase-producing enterobacteriaceae in long-term acute-care hospitals.

A bundled intervention was associated with clinically important and statistically significant reductions in KPC colonization, KPC infection, all-cause bacteremia, and blood culture contamination in a high-risk LTACH population.

The Epidemiology of Carbapenem-Resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae Colonization and Infection among Long-Term Acute Care Hospital Residents

An improved understanding of carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (CRKP) in long-term acute care hospitals (LTACHs) is needed, including targeted surveillance screening of high-risk patients and effective antibiotic stewardship measures.

Risk factors for acquisition of carbapenem resistant Enterobacteriaceae in an acute tertiary care hospital in Singapore

The identification of risk factors amongst inpatients from an acute tertiary care hospital in Singapore helped to refine the criteria used for target active surveillance screening for CRE amongst inPatients at time of hospital admission.

Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) Case Definition Change: A Comparative Study of the Georgia Emerging Infections Program, 2011-2015 and 2016

CRE cases, following the new CRE case definition, had a 40% lower odds of invasive infections than that of the former, and the cause of this shift is unclear as more data is needed to assess the definition’s overall performance.
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