Out of the garden of Eden

  title={Out of the garden of Eden},
  author={James S. Wainscoat},

Mitochondrial Eve and the Affective Politics of Scientific Technologies

The chapter traces the emergence of mitochondrial and Y-chromosome analyses of human ancestry and explores the affective engagements of these technologies, and especially how they emerged through, and were entangled in, racialized, gendered, and sexualized differences.

The Expulsion of Eve

This is the incredible story of how a couple of decades ago an entire academic discipline fell under the spell of an inherently improbable hypothesis, the advocates of which succeeded in neutralizing

Evolution of human mitochondrial DNA: Evidence for departure from a pure neutral model of populations at equilibrium

All African samples conformed to the neutral model of populations at equilibrium and presented more diversified distributions, which suggested that part of the apparent African divergence was due to heterogeneous evolutionary processes and confirmed that some diversity reducing factors were at work in Caucasoids and Orientals.

"The Law of an Ancient God" and the Editing of Hemingway's Garden of Eden: The Final Corrected Typescript and Galleys

This article lists editorial emendations to the final edited typescript of The Garden of Eden archived at the Thomas Cooper Library at the University of South Carolina. In the introduction, the

Human Demography in the Pleistocene: Do Mitochondrial and Nuclear Genes Tell the Same Story?

A popular hypothesis proposes that modern human populations passed through a bottleneck in the late Middle or early Late Pleistocene, at which time there existed perhaps only several thousand breeding individuals, and that this was followed by a rapid, large expansion.

Evidence for a subsurface ocean on Europa

High-resolution Galileo spacecraft images of Europa are presented, in which evidence for mobile ‘icebergs’ is found and the detailed morphology of the terrain strongly supports the presence of liquid water at shallow depths below the surface, either today or at some time in the past.

Mitochondrial DNA Variation in Ancient and Modern Humans

The very high rate of accumulation of mutations means that deleterious mtDNA mutations are important in human disease and ageing, and there are numerous harmless mutations, either silent or in non-coding regions, which can provide convenient genetic markers for the reconstruction of human evolutionary history.

Organization of genetic variation at the molecular level: lessons from Drosophila.

The problem is interested in considering here involves the use of sequence variation for making inferences about the past history of a population: the extent of population subdivision, the level of gene flow, the historical patterns of population movement, the origins or genealogy of particular races or subpopulations, or the phylogenetic relationships among groups.



Evolution of mitochondrial DNA in Drosophila subobscura.

It is argued against the inference that the D. subobscura flies now living descend from only one or a few females that lived at that time, and the "Mother Eve hypothesis", which has been made to conclude that the human population went through a severe constriction about 200,000 years ago, is fallacious.

Nuclear and mitochondrial DNA comparisons reveal extreme rate variation in the molecular clock.

Comparison of mitochondrial and nuclear DNA divergences among echinoid and vertebrate taxa of similar ages indicates that the rapid rate of vertebrate mitochondrial DNA evolution is, in part, an artifact of a widely divergent rate of nuclear DNA evolution.

A DNA probe detecting multiple haplotypes of the human Y chromosome.

An examination of the different combinations of two or more allelic series suggests that some alleles are not randomly distributed and raises the possibility of establishing a genealogy of the human Y chromosome.

Evolutionary relationships of human populations from an analysis of nuclear DNA polymorphisms

It is found that all non-African populations share a limited number of common haplotypes whereas Africans have predominantly a different haplotype not found in other populations.

Sequence and organization of the human mitochondrial genome

The complete sequence of the 16,569-base pair human mitochondrial genome is presented and shows extreme economy in that the genes have none or only a few noncoding bases between them, and in many cases the termination codons are not coded in the DNA but are created post-transcriptionally by polyadenylation of the mRNAs.

Mitochondrial DNA and human evolution

All these mitochondrial DMAs stem from one woman who is postulated to have lived about 200,000 years ago, probably in Africa, implying that each area was colonised repeatedly.