Out of the garden of Eden

@article{Wainscoat1987OutOT,
  title={Out of the garden of Eden},
  author={James S. Wainscoat},
  journal={Nature},
  year={1987},
  volume={325},
  pages={13-13}
}

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The chapter traces the emergence of mitochondrial and Y-chromosome analyses of human ancestry and explores the affective engagements of these technologies, and especially how they emerged through, and were entangled in, racialized, gendered, and sexualized differences.

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This article lists editorial emendations to the final edited typescript of The Garden of Eden archived at the Thomas Cooper Library at the University of South Carolina. In the introduction, the

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It is argued against the inference that the D. subobscura flies now living descend from only one or a few females that lived at that time, and the "Mother Eve hypothesis", which has been made to conclude that the human population went through a severe constriction about 200,000 years ago, is fallacious.

Nuclear and mitochondrial DNA comparisons reveal extreme rate variation in the molecular clock.

TLDR
Comparison of mitochondrial and nuclear DNA divergences among echinoid and vertebrate taxa of similar ages indicates that the rapid rate of vertebrate mitochondrial DNA evolution is, in part, an artifact of a widely divergent rate of nuclear DNA evolution.

A DNA probe detecting multiple haplotypes of the human Y chromosome.

TLDR
An examination of the different combinations of two or more allelic series suggests that some alleles are not randomly distributed and raises the possibility of establishing a genealogy of the human Y chromosome.

Evolutionary relationships of human populations from an analysis of nuclear DNA polymorphisms

TLDR
It is found that all non-African populations share a limited number of common haplotypes whereas Africans have predominantly a different haplotype not found in other populations.

Sequence and organization of the human mitochondrial genome

TLDR
The complete sequence of the 16,569-base pair human mitochondrial genome is presented and shows extreme economy in that the genes have none or only a few noncoding bases between them, and in many cases the termination codons are not coded in the DNA but are created post-transcriptionally by polyadenylation of the mRNAs.

Mitochondrial DNA and human evolution

TLDR
All these mitochondrial DMAs stem from one woman who is postulated to have lived about 200,000 years ago, probably in Africa, implying that each area was colonised repeatedly.