Out of our heads: Addiction and psychiatric externalism

  title={Out of our heads: Addiction and psychiatric externalism},
  author={Shane N Glackin and Tom Roberts and Joel Krueger},
  journal={Behavioural Brain Research},
In addiction, apparently causally significant phenomena occur at a huge number of levels; addiciton is affected by biomedical, neurological, pharmacological, clinical, social, and politico-legal factors, among many others. In such a complex, multifaceted field of inquiry, it seems very unlikely that all the many layers of explanation will prove amenable to any simple or straightforward, reductive analysis; if we are to unify the many different sciences of addiction while respecting their causal… 
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