Our Current Understanding of Mutualism

@article{Bronstein1994OurCU,
  title={Our Current Understanding of Mutualism},
  author={J. Bronstein},
  journal={The Quarterly Review of Biology},
  year={1994},
  volume={69},
  pages={31 - 51}
}
  • J. Bronstein
  • Published 1994
  • Biology
  • The Quarterly Review of Biology
It is widely believed that mutualisms, interspecific interactions that benefit both species, have been grossly neglected relative to their true importance in nature. I have reviewed the recent primary literature in order to assess quentitatively the frequency of studies of mutualism, the types of questions they address, and their general scientific approach. All articles appearing from 1986 to 1990 in nine major journals that publish ecological and evolutionary research were examined. It is… Expand
The Costs of Mutualism
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The idea that the ecology and evolution of mutualisms are shaped by diverse costs, not only by the benefits they confer is examined, which helps link mutualism to antagonisms such as herbivory, predation, and parasitism. Expand
The Costs of Mutualism1
TLDR
The idea that the ecology and evolution of mutualisms are shaped by diverse costs, not only by the benefits they confer is examined, which helps link mutualism to antagonisms such as herbivory, predation, and parasitism. Expand
Mutualism, Facilitation, and the Structure of Ecological Communities
TLDR
Positive interactions occur when one organism makes the local environment more favorable for another either directly ( such as by reducing thermal stress via shading or decreasing wind stress via baffling) or indirectly (such as by removing competitors or deterring predators of that species). Expand
Pursuing the big questions about interspecific mutualism: a review of theoretical approaches
TLDR
This review should be useful to both empiricists and theorists as a roadmap to both the variety of theory currently being applied to mutualisms and to results that are in need of additional theoretical and empirical exploration. Expand
Coevolutionary Dynamics and the Conservation of Mutualisms
TLDR
An increased focus on interspecific interactions will enlighten efforts to conserve species and improve the ability to understand when species will and will not respond evolutionarily to conservation threats. Expand
Evolution on the bright side of life: microorganisms and the evolution of mutualism
  • K. Hillesland
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
  • 2018
TLDR
Two problems with the current understanding of natural selection in mutualism are described and the properties of microbial mutualisms that could help solve them are highlighted, which can be addressed with genome resequencing and time‐shift experiments. Expand
Ecological Persistence of the Plant‐Mycorrhizal Mutualism: A Hypothesis from Species Coexistence Theory
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It is suggested that plants could facilitate the persistence of mutualistic mycorrhizal fungi by enhancing the mortality of root tips colonized by competitively superior and less mutualistic fungi. Expand
Predation drives recurrent convergence of an interspecies mutualism.
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The results indicate that predation is likely driving the recurrent convergent evolution of fish-anemone mutualisms and suggest that similar ecological processes may have selected convergence in interspecies interactions in other animal clades. Expand
The Contribution of Ant-Plant Protection Studies to Our Understanding of Mutualism'
TLDR
Current research on ant-plant mutualism is suggesting ecological and evolutionary hypotheses that may be applicable to many other forms of mutualism, and generating comparative data for testing the few general theories about mutualism that currently exist. Expand
Effect of mutualist partner identity on plant demography
TLDR
This work used integral projection models parameterized with three years of census data to compare the demographic effects of two ant species, Crematogaster laevis and Pheidole minutula, on populations of the Amazonian ant plant Maieta guianensis. Expand
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References

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Constraints on the Evolution of Mutualisms
  • H. Howe
  • Biology
  • The American Naturalist
  • 1984
TLDR
A brief discussion of pollination and seed dispersal suggests checks to mutualistic coevolution, and indicates that reciprocal adaptation, where it occurs, is general rather than specific. Expand
Biotic environments and the maintenance of sex–some evidence from mutualistic symbioses
TLDR
It is concluded that the patterns that emerge from an analysis of 10 kinds of mutualistic symbiosis strongly support predictions that sex is usually reduced in inhabitants in comparison to related free-living taxa, although it remains widespread in exhabitants. Expand
The Ecology of Mutualism
Elementary ecology texts tell us that organisms interact in three fundamental ways, generally given the names competition, predation, and mutualism. The third member has gotten short shrift (264),Expand
The phylogeny of a mutualism: evolution and coadaptation between Trollius and its seed-parasitic pollinators
TLDR
The phylogenetic and geographic associations between Trollius and Chiastocheta suggest that the flies evolved in associations with five highly derived Trollius species, and secondarily colonized four more primitive taxa in the parts of their ranges that overlapped with primary hosts. Expand
Dynamics of Ecologically Obligate Mutualisms-Effects of Spatial Diffusion on Resilience of the Interacting Species
TLDR
It is argued that obligate mutualisms, when exposed to variations in the external environment, may be a great deal more resilient than predicted by spatially independent models and do not tend to be limited to stable tropical environments. Expand
On the evolution of non-specific mutualism
TLDR
It is argued that mutualism generates positive, interspecific, frequency-dependent selection, which acts as a cohesive evolutionary force, discouraging evolution of specificity, and surveys some data on specificity of mutualisms. Expand
On the Prevalence and Relative Importance of Interspecific Competition: Evidence from Field Experiments
TLDR
The present survey illustrates how difficult it is to produce a clear and unambiguous demonstration of interspecific competition. Expand
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n the past three decades, the study of plant-animal relationships has grown into a major subdiscipline of biology. The often complex, even bizarre relationships between plants and animals have longExpand
Herbivory and Ipomopsis aggregata: The Disadvantages of Being Eaten
TLDR
The observed result that scarlet gilia overcompensates for early spring grazing in this population in Arizona has led to a flurry of articles on the adaptive significance of overcompensation, as well as on other individual-level and population-level consequences of overCompensation by Ipomopsis species. Expand
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