Otitis media

@article{Rovers2004OtitisM,
  title={Otitis media},
  author={Maroeska M Rovers and Anne G M Schilder and Gerhard A. Zielhuis and Richard M. Rosenfeld},
  journal={The Lancet},
  year={2004},
  volume={363},
  pages={465-473}
}
中耳炎是儿童的高发病.中耳炎的病因病理是多因素的,包含免疫反应、咽鼓管功能障碍、细菌和病毒的感染、遗传以及环境因素等.早期的观察适用于大多数中耳炎儿童;对于被确诊为急性中耳炎的两岁以内的患儿,建议使用抗生素.手术方法的选择取决于合并症、儿童的生长发育状况以及对自发性渗出液的预期估计.推荐的手术方法有鼓室置管术、腺样体刮除术等.然而,到目前还没有理想的治疗方法,需要探索新的、基于现代中耳炎的病因病理理论的有创意性的治疗方法。 

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