Ostracism: Consequences and Coping

@article{Williams2011OstracismCA,
  title={Ostracism: Consequences and Coping},
  author={Kipling D. Williams and Steve A. Nida},
  journal={Current Directions in Psychological Science},
  year={2011},
  volume={20},
  pages={71-75}
}
  • K. WilliamsS. Nida
  • Published 1 April 2011
  • Psychology
  • Current Directions in Psychological Science
Ostracism means being ignored and excluded by one or more others. Despite the absence of verbal derogation and physical assault, ostracism is painful: It threatens psychological needs (belonging, self-esteem, control, and meaningful existence); and it unleashes a variety of physiological, affective, cognitive, and behavioral responses. Here we review the empirical literature on ostracism within the framework of the temporal need-threat model. 

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Results reveal that compared to those in a neutral condition, compliant ostracizers suffered because ostracizing someone else frustrated their psychological needs for autonomy and relatedness.

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This work focuses on relevant Stage 2 research and then discusses suggestions for future research on Stages 2 and 3, which argues that chronically ostracized individuals withdraw socially and experience extreme psychological and physical damage.

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Abstract. Experiencing ostracism is a painful situation that can urge a desire to restore social bonds. However, few studies have investigated the conditions under which it leads to ingroup

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When Self-View Is at Stake: Responses to Ostracism Through the Lens of Self-Verification Theory

We examined the conditions under which workplace ostracism promotes prosocial reactions (i.e., helping behavior) and deters antisocial behavior (i.e., social loafing). Using data from 213 employees

Ostracism in Pediatric Populations: Review of Theory and Research

Evidence is presented that ostracism may pose an even greater threat to children’s adjustment and need-threat levels than bullying.
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Chapter 6 Ostracism: A Temporal Need‐Threat Model

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