Ostracism: Consequences and Coping

  title={Ostracism: Consequences and Coping},
  author={Kipling D. Williams and Steve A. Nida},
  journal={Current Directions in Psychological Science},
  • K. WilliamsS. Nida
  • Published 1 April 2011
  • Psychology
  • Current Directions in Psychological Science
Ostracism means being ignored and excluded by one or more others. Despite the absence of verbal derogation and physical assault, ostracism is painful: It threatens psychological needs (belonging, self-esteem, control, and meaningful existence); and it unleashes a variety of physiological, affective, cognitive, and behavioral responses. Here we review the empirical literature on ostracism within the framework of the temporal need-threat model. 

Righting the Wrong: Reparative Coping After Going Along With Ostracism

Results reveal that compared to those in a neutral condition, compliant ostracizers suffered because ostracizing someone else frustrated their psychological needs for autonomy and relatedness.

Ostracism, Bullying and Psychological Safety

environment and work-to-family conflict: Examining the mediating role of heavy work investment ” , Babic, Stinglhamber, Barbier and Hansez examine the relationships between work environment (i.e.,

Motivations for responses to ostracism

This work focuses on relevant Stage 2 research and then discusses suggestions for future research on Stages 2 and 3, which argues that chronically ostracized individuals withdraw socially and experience extreme psychological and physical damage.

You Are Not Alone!

Abstract. Experiencing ostracism is a painful situation that can urge a desire to restore social bonds. However, few studies have investigated the conditions under which it leads to ingroup

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Humans are social animals and they depend upon social relationships to fortify their physical and psychological well-being. Various types of social experiences can threaten these relationships,

Social ostracism: current state of the problem, methodology and research methods

The problem of overcoming the risks and factors that generate destructive (anti-social, delinquent, auto-destructive, etc.) behavior of minors and youth is relevant for juvenile legal psychology and

When Self-View Is at Stake: Responses to Ostracism Through the Lens of Self-Verification Theory

We examined the conditions under which workplace ostracism promotes prosocial reactions (i.e., helping behavior) and deters antisocial behavior (i.e., social loafing). Using data from 213 employees

Ostracism in Pediatric Populations: Review of Theory and Research

Evidence is presented that ostracism may pose an even greater threat to children’s adjustment and need-threat levels than bullying.



Chapter 6 Ostracism: A Temporal Need‐Threat Model

The need to belong: desire for interpersonal attachments as a fundamental human motivation.

Existing evidence supports the hypothesis that the need to belong is a powerful, fundamental, and extremely pervasive motivation, and people form social attachments readily under most conditions and resist the dissolution of existing bonds.

Cyberostracism: effects of being ignored over the Internet.

The more participants were ostracized, the more they reported feeling bad, having less control, and losing a sense of belonging, as well as supporting K. D. Williams's need threat theory of ostracism.

Teasing, rejection, and violence: Case studies of the school shootings.

Media commentators have suggested that recent school shootings were precipitated by social rejection, but no empirical research has examined this claim. Case studies were conducted of 15 school

Does social exclusion motivate interpersonal reconnection? Resolving the "porcupine problem".

Evidence from 6 experiments supports the social reconnection hypothesis, which posits that the experience of social exclusion increases the motivation to forge social bonds with new sources of

The KKK won't let me play: ostracism even by a despised outgroup hurts

Previous research has shown that ostracism even by outgroup members is aversive. In this study we examined whether ostracism by a particular type of outgroup, a despised outgroup, was sufficient to

Personality Moderators of Reactions to Interpersonal Rejection: Depression and Trait Self-Esteem

Two experiments were conducted to examine the moderating effects of depression and trait self-esteem on reactions to social exclusion. Participants received information indicating that they had been

Social status and shaming experiences related to adolescent overt aggression at school.

This study confirms the importance of further evaluation of the role of perceived social status and shaming experiences in the understanding of aggressive behavior and indicates the need for different kinds of status measures when investigating the associations between status and behavior in adolescent populations.