Osteoprotegerin and RANKL regulate bone resorption, density, geometry and strength.

@article{Kostenuik2005OsteoprotegerinAR,
  title={Osteoprotegerin and RANKL regulate bone resorption, density, geometry and strength.},
  author={Paul J. Kostenuik},
  journal={Current opinion in pharmacology},
  year={2005},
  volume={5 6},
  pages={618-25}
}
Osteoprotegerin (OPG) and receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappaB ligand (RANKL) are dominant regulators of bone resorption. Many hormones, cytokines and growth factors mediate bone resorption by altering the ratio of RANKL to OPG. RANKL and OPG expression is also altered in numerous bone diseases, and these changes can reflect disease etiology or compensatory responses to disease. RANKL stimulates osteoclast formation, function and survival, and each of these effects is inhibited by OPG… CONTINUE READING
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