Osteopathic Manipulative Treatment for Pediatric Conditions: A Systematic Review

@article{Posadzki2013OsteopathicMT,
  title={Osteopathic Manipulative Treatment for Pediatric Conditions: A Systematic Review},
  author={Paul Posadzki and Myeong Soo Lee and Edzard Ernst},
  journal={Pediatrics},
  year={2013},
  volume={132},
  pages={140 - 152}
}
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Most osteopaths are trained in pediatric care, and osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) is available for many pediatric conditions. [...] Key MethodMETHODS Eleven databases were searched from their respective inceptions to November 2012. Only randomized clinical trials (RCTs) were included, if they tested OMT against any type of control in pediatric patients. Study quality was critically appraised by using the Cochrane criteria. RESULTS Seventeen trials met the inclusion criteria…Expand
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TLDR
The clinical effectiveness of OMT on the reduction of LOS and costs in a large population of preterm infants was showed in a systematic review of RCTs conducted from journal inception to May, 2015. Expand
Osteopathic Manipulative Treatment in Pediatric and Neonatal Patients and Disorders: Clinical Considerations and Updated Review of the Existing Literature.
TLDR
The available studies in neonatal settings provide evidence that OMT is effective in reducing the hospital length of stay of the treated infants, therefore, suggesting that robust cost-effectiveness analyses should be included in the future clinical trials' design to establish new possible OMT-shared strategies within the health care services provided to newborns. Expand
Osteopathic manipulative treatment: A systematic review and critical appraisal of comparative effectiveness and health economics research.
TLDR
High quality, well-designed, research that aligns with international best practice is greatly needed to build a pragmatic evidence base for OMT. Expand
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TLDR
Osteopathic treatment was associated with major positive changes in the severity of perceived health complaints as assessed by parents, and was proved to be a safe treatment modality among a large number of therapists. Expand
Manipulation techniques for infant torticollis.
TLDR
Neither the three randomised studies nor a large patient series involving 695 infants found manipulation techniques to be associated with a risk of serious adverse events, but three patient histories demonstrated that manipulation techniques may cause harm if the observed asymmetry has serious underlying causes. Expand
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TLDR
Findings supported previous findings about perceived efficacy of OMT in treating patients regard-less of injury and diagnosis and established causal relationship among OMT, stress and anxiety, pain, and use of pain medications. Expand
Case Study in Orthopedics
TLDR
The role of an umbrella review, as a research tool, was demonstrated to prevent misleading information and erroneous guidance for stakeholders, resulting from poorly conducted systematic reviews. Expand
The recognition of osteopathic manipulative medicine in Europe: critically important or signifi cantly overrated?
TLDR
The aim of this article is to demonstrate the scientific validity of osteopathic manipulative medicine critically considering the quality of the research published, cost effectiveness and patients’ attitude as relevant aspects for a potential process of recognition in Europe. Expand
The use of osteopathic manipulative treatment in the newborn nursery and its effect on health in the first six months of life: A retrospective observational case-control study.
  • Miriam V Mills
  • Medicine
  • Complementary therapies in clinical practice
  • 2021
TLDR
The suggestion that OMT given to a newborn can positively affect that baby's short-term and quite possibly long-term health, specifically related to GI complaints and irritability is pointed to. Expand
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