Osteology, phylogeny, and higher classification of the fishes of the order Plectognathi (Tetraodontiformes)

  title={Osteology, phylogeny, and higher classification of the fishes of the order Plectognathi (Tetraodontiformes)},
  author={James C. Tyler},
The osteologjof over 160 species of fossil and Recent plectognath or tetraodontiform fishes is described and illustrated in relation to the supposed phylogeny and proposed higher classiflcation (subfamilial to ordinal levels) of this group of approximately 320 Recent species of primarily tropical and temperate forms of the Atlantic. Pacific, and Indian oceans. The history of the classification and of the previous work on the osteology of the order is reviewed, while one new species… 

A new genus and species of boxfish (Tetraodontiformes:Ostraciidae) from the Oligocene of Moravia, the second fossil representative of the family

It is proposed that the new species represents the oceanic, pelagic, pre-settlement stage of this genus, as in the Recent Lactoria, some species of which, especially L. diaphana, remain pelagic to sizes of over 100 mm SL and can be sexually mature while pelagic before settling into their conclusive benthic state.

A phylogeny of the families of fossil and extant tetraodontiform fishes (Acanthomorpha, Tetraodontiformes), Upper Cretaceous to Recent

The new phylogenetic hypothesis, together with stratigraphic and biogeographical data, is used to discuss scenarios of the origin and evolution of the major clades of the tetraodontiform order.

A new family of gymnodont fish (Tetraodontiformes) from the earliest Eocene of the Peri-Tethys (Kabardino-Balkaria, northern Caucasus, Russia)

Significantly younger ages are estimated for the diversification of Tetraodontiformes than in previous tip-dating analyses (Jurassic and Early Cretaceous) using the fossilized birth-death process; these new age estimates are in better agreement with the tetraodoniform fossil record.

New superfamily and three new families of tetraodontiform fishes from the Upper Cretaceous : the earliest and most morphologically primitive plectognaths

The evidence indicates that the Plectocretacicoidea are the morphologically primitive sister group of all other tetraodontiforms (presently known from 55 MYA to Recent).

Taxonomy and biostratigraphy of the elasmobranchs and bony fishes (Chondrichthyes and Osteichthyes) of the lower-to-middle Eocene (Ypresian to Bartonian) Claiborne Group in Alabama, USA, including an analysis of otoliths

The Tallahatta Formation, Lisbon Formation, and Gosport Sand are the three lithostratigraphic units that make up the lower-to-middle Eocene Claiborne Group. In Alabama, these marine units are among

A new pufferfish (Teleostei, Tetraodontidae) from the Middle Miocene of St. Margarethen, Austria

A new genus and species of tetraodontid pufferfish, Leithaodon sandroi gen. et sp.

Comparative anatomy of the caudal skeleton of lantern fishes of the genus Triphoturus Fraser-Brunner, 1949 (Teleostei: Myctophidae)

This osteological description of the caudal region allowed updates to the nomenclature of bony and cartilaginous elements in myctophids and allows for the recognition of structural differences between T. mexicanus and T. oculeum, as well as the major morphological distinction betweenT.

A comparative ontogenetic study of the tetraodontiform caudal complex

It is shown that an ontogenetic approach offers considerable elucidation of the homology of the caudal complex of adult Tetraodontiformes, resulting in a new understanding of the grundplan of these fishes.



The familial phylogeny of the Tetraodontiformes (Acanthopterygii: Pisces) : as evidenced by their comparative myology

This analysis suggests that theTriacanthodidae and Triacanthidae are sister groups, and separated off first from the ancestral stock, as well as suggesting systematic changes in the hierarchical classification of tetraodontiforms.

The Origin of the Stomiatoid Fishes with Comments on the Classification of Salmoniform Fishes

Osteological examination of a large series of stomiatoid species shows that several gonostomatid genera, especially Vinciguerria and Polymetme, are relatively primitive and the osteology of these two genera is compared with that of the Osmeridae, especially the genus Spirinchus, and phylogenetically important similarities are found.

Review of the Asiatic freshwater puffers of the genus Tetraodon Linnaeus, 1758 (Pisces, Tetraodontiformes, Tetraodontidae)

The present review of the Asiatic freshwater puffers of the genus Tetraodon was thought necessary because the only preceding review (Le Danois, 1959) disregards some major taxonomic rules and

A review of mesozoic acanthopterygian fishes, with special reference to those of the English chalk

  • C. Patterson
  • Biology
    Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
  • 1964
The acanthopterygians of the English Chalk are redescribed, and members of all the genera known by more than one specimen are treated at length, and a new order Ctenothrissiformes is made.

Taxonomic Studies on the Puffers (Tetraodontidae,Teleostei) from Japan and Adjacent Regions-II.Variation of Dorsal Fin

The caudal fin of the puffers of Japan andadjacent regions varies much less in the total number of the fin-rays and theNumber of the two kinds of the„fin-rays, branched and unbranched,” than do the other fins showing no appreciable degree of correlation with the meristic characters of the latter and the vertebral column.

Taxonomic Studies on the Puffers (Tetraodontidae, Teleostei) from Japan and Adjacent Regions-III

The present writer, dealing with 7 species, Saurida undosquamis, Sphyraena pinguis, Pagrosomus major, Sardinia meranosticia, Nibea mitsukurii, Sebastolobus macrocher, and Nemipterus virgatus, found that these scales are variable in size and shape.

A Revision of the Filefish Genera Amanses and Cantherhines

The present study began with an attempt to determine whether the Atlantic monacanthid fish Cantherhines pullus (Ranzani) can be distinguished from the Indo-Western Pacific C. pardalis (Riippell) and to recover from synonymy the second Atlantic species of the genus, C. macrocerus (Hollard).

Guide to the identification of Scorpionfish larvae (family Scorpaenidae) in the Eastern Pacific with comparative notes on species of Sebastes and Helicolenus from other oceans

Developmentd stages of 51 species or forms of wrpionlisbes are described and illustrated in this identification guide and Sebarter is the most thoroughly treated; developmental series of six species from the eastern Pacific are describedand illustrated; pigment patterns of early larvae of 33 species are given and 23 of these are illustrated.

The Suborders of Perciform Fishes

The question of whether to include certain groups in or exclude them from the Perciformes is certainly moot, so the old perciform boundaries of Regan (1929) are followed, including the exclusion of the callionymoid fishes.


The nomenclatorial difficulties still existing around the Plectognath genus Triodon and its single known species were investigated, and it was interesting to observe that nowhere any references are given to a publication by Reinwardt.