Osseous adaptation and range of motion at the glenohumeral joint in professional baseball pitchers.

@article{Crockett2002OsseousAA,
  title={Osseous adaptation and range of motion at the glenohumeral joint in professional baseball pitchers.},
  author={Heber C Crockett and Lyndon B Gross and Kevin E. Wilk and Martin L. Schwartz and Jamie Reed and Jay O'Mara and Michael T Reilly and Jeffery R Dugas and Keith Meister and Stephen Lyman and James R. Andrews},
  journal={The American journal of sports medicine},
  year={2002},
  volume={30 1},
  pages={20-6}
}
The throwing shoulder in pitchers frequently exhibits a paradox of glenohumeral joint motion, in which excessive external rotation is present at the expense of decreased internal rotation. The object of this study was to determine the role of humeral head retroversion in relation to increased glenohumeral external rotation. Glenohumeral joint range of motion and laxity along with humeral head and glenoid version of the dominant versus nondominant shoulders were studied in 25 professional… CONTINUE READING
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