Osseoperception in Dental Implants: A Systematic Review.

  title={Osseoperception in Dental Implants: A Systematic Review.},
  author={Sunil Kumar Mishra and Ramesh Chowdhary and Bruno Ramos Chrcanovic and Per Ingvar Branemark},
  journal={Journal of prosthodontics : official journal of the American College of Prosthodontists},
  volume={25 3},
PURPOSE Replacement of lost teeth has significant functional and psychosocial effects. [] Key MethodMATERIALS AND METHODS To identify suitable literature, an electronic search was performed using Medline and PubMed database. Articles published in English and articles whose abstract is available in English were included. The articles included in the review were based on osseoperception, tactile sensation, and neurophysiological mechanoreceptors in relation to dental implants.

Osseoperception in Dental Implants

It is likely that an appropriately designed implant-supported restoration, being fixed to bone, more closely resembles the dental status before tooth loss, and this may more appropriately restore optimal motor and sensory function of the masticatory system.

Importance of Osseoperception and Tactile Sensibility during Masticatory Function in Different Prosthetic Rehabilitations: A Review

Implant prosthesis are more effective during masticatory function than complete dentures, as they present an increased tactile sensibility, very similar to that present in natural dentition, due to the osseoperception phenomenon.

Osseoperception: Can implant-mediated sensibility becomes a reality

Much scientific evidence was present to support the concept of osseoperception today, and histological, neurophysiological and psychophysical evidence and also the role of mechanoreceptors to prove the presence of osSEoperception in dental implants were presented.

Occlusal Schemes for Implant Restorations: Best Evidence Consensus Statement.

There is a lack of scientific evidence regarding the occlusal scheme utilized with implant restorations that will minimize or eliminate complications and the style of occlusion a practitioner utilizes with tooth or mucosal supported prostheses may be used with implant-supported restoration until compelling evidence dictates otherwise.

Tactile Sensibility Thresholds in Implant Prosthesis, Complete Dentures and Natural Dentition: Review about Their Value in Literature

Implant prosthesis have lower thresholds, that are very close to those present in natural dentition, than complete dentures due to an increased tactile sensibility; as these are only influenced by receptors from periodontal or periimplant tissues.

Occlusion as a predisposing factor for peri-implant disease: A review article.

Clinical recommendations are proposed which function to minimize unfavorable occlusal forces on implant restorations and reduce the associated biological and mechanical complications of dental implants.

Active Tactile Sensibility in Implant Prosthesis vs. Complete Dentures: A Psychophysical Study

Implant prosthesis presents an increased active tactile sensibility thanks to osseoperception phenomenon, and values in implants are closer to natural dentition than complete denture values, while age, gender or prosthetic wearing time have no influence on threshold values.

Active Tactile Sensibility of Brånemark Protocol Prostheses: A Case–Control Clinical Study

The tactile sensibility for mandibular implant-supported and maxillary mucosa-supported prostheses is significantly lower than that of dentate patients, which was detected above the thickness of 80 μm; in patients with natural dentition, different thicknesses were seen starting from 24 μm.

Clinical Studies Regarding Electromagnetic Stimulation in Proximity of Dental Implants on Patients with/without Orthodontic Treatment

Bone modifications around dental implants, loaded either with conventional healing caps or with healing caps pulsating electromagnetic waves, Magdent™, Haifa, Israel, were determined to cause structural changes that may occur during healing after the placement of Titanium dental implants.



From osseoperception to implant-mediated sensory-motor interactions and related clinical implications.

Histological, neurophysiological and psychophysical evidence of osseoperception have been collected, making the assumption more likely that a proper peripheral feedback pathway can be restored when using osseointegrated implants and may open doors for global integration in the human body.

Osseoperception: active tactile sensibility of osseointegrated dental implants.

Significant differences in tactile sensibility as a function of different implant surfaces may indicate that receptors near the implant form the basis of osseoperception.

Perceptual changes in the anterior maxilla after placement of endosseous implants.

Assessment of the perception of mechanical stimuli applied to the anterior maxilla in denture wearers and subjects rehabilitated with osseointegrated implants compared with that in subjects with a natural dentition found natural dentitions offer superior vibrotactile function compared to any other dental status.

The neurophysiology of osseointegrated oral implants. A clinically underestimated aspect.

Besides osseoperecption other neurophysiological aspects of oral implants, such their reflex function, will be outlined and their clinical meaning pointed out.

Progressive recovery of osseoperception as a function of the combination of implant-supported prostheses.

Progressive recovery of osseoperception as a function of the combination of implant-supported prostheses could be observed and ISO and/or ISFP combinations may similarly maximize the recovery of oesophagus recovery.

Threshold of tactile sensitivity perceived with dental endosseous implants and natural teeth.

It is concluded that a more than 8-fold higher threshold value for tactile perception exists for implants compared with teeth.

Tactile sensibility of single-tooth implants and natural teeth under local anesthesia of the natural antagonistic teeth.

Apparently, the active tactile sensibility of single-tooth implants with natural opposing teeth is not only to be attributed to the periodontium of the opposing tooth but also to a perception over the implant itself, which could support the hypothesis according to which the implant may have a tactile Sensibility of its own.

Changes in passive tactile sensibility associated with dental implants following their placement.

There was a significant increase in passive tactile sensibility during the healing phase following implant placement, and high velocity exhibited a higher threshold than low velocity.

Brain plasticity and cortical correlates of osseoperception revealed by punctate mechanical stimulation of osseointegrated oral implants during fMRI.

This study demonstrates that punctate mechanical stimulation of oral implants activates both primary and secondary cortical somatosensory areas and suggests that brain plasticity occurs when extracted teeth are replaced by endosseous implants.

[An animal study of peripheral neurophysiologic mechanism in osseoperception phenomena of dental implant].

  • Yi-bo ZhuYe LinL. QiuYing Wang
  • Medicine, Biology
    Zhonghua kou qiang yi xue za zhi = Zhonghua kouqiang yixue zazhi = Chinese journal of stomatology
  • 2009
Functional neuroreceptors, though much less than that of natural tooth, exist in peri-implant bone tissue, and surgical methods and loading time do not have obvious influences on peri -implant neural feedback pathway reconstruction.