Osseointegrated proximal interphalangeal joint prostheses with a replaceable joint spacer were used in 25 joints in 19 patients (five men and 14 women) aged 45 (16-67) years. Indications for surgery were post-traumatic arthrosis (nine joints in eight patients), primary osteoarthrosis (10 joints in eight patients), and rheumatoid arthritis (six joints in three patients). A silicone joint spacer was attached to titanium fixtures by short titanium stems that extended from the spacer and fitted into a central canal in the screws. The arthroplasty was done in one stage, which included resection of the joint followed by grafting of marrow and cancellous bone from the iliac crest into adjacent medullary cavities before insertion of the titanium fixture. Follow up at 8.5 (5-11) years showed that 47 out of 50 fixtures (94%) had successfully osseointegrated while 17 of 25 joint spacers (68%) had fractured. However, because of the design of the prostheses fractured joint spacers could easily be replaced and a new spacer could be connected to already osseointegrated screws. The joint spacer was replaced in 11 fingers once or several times. Range of movement (ROM) in the whole series (four fusions excluded) was 41 (0-85) degrees with an extension defect of 15 (0-55) degrees. In eight joints with permanently intact joint spacers the ROM was 39 (0-60) degrees with extension defects of 16 (0-40) degrees. In six joints in which the spacer was replaced once the ROM was 43 (0-85) degrees with an extension defect of 16 (0-55) degrees. Our data confirm good long-term osseointegration of titanium fixtures and that a joint spacer, if needed, can be replaced by a new spacer that can be attached to already osseointegrated screws without jeopardizing the ROM.