Osmoregulation in elasmobranchs : a review for fish biologists , behaviourists and ecologists

@inproceedings{Hammerschlag2006OsmoregulationIE,
  title={Osmoregulation in elasmobranchs : a review for fish biologists , behaviourists and ecologists},
  author={Neil Hammerschlag},
  year={2006}
}
This article provides a broad review of osmoregulation in elasmobranchs for non-specialists, focusing on recent advances. Marine and euryhaline elasmobranchs in seawater regulate urea and other body fluid solutes (trimethylamine oxide (TMAO), Naþ, Cl ) such that they remain hyper-osmotic to their environment. Salt secretions of the rectal gland and excretions in the urine compensate for continuous inward diffusion of environmental salts. Freshwater and euryhaline elasmobranchs in fresh water… CONTINUE READING
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