Oscillibacter ruminantium sp. nov., isolated from the rumen of Korean native cattle.

  title={Oscillibacter ruminantium sp. nov., isolated from the rumen of Korean native cattle.},
  author={Geun-Hye Lee and Moon Soo Rhee and Dong-Ho Chang and Jonghwa Lee and Seil Kim and Min-ho Yoon and Byoung-chan Kim},
  journal={International journal of systematic and evolutionary microbiology},
  volume={63 Pt 6},
A strictly anaerobic, Gram-negative, non-spore-forming bacterium, designated GH1(T), was isolated from the rumen of Korean native cattle (HanWoo). Cells were straight to slightly curved rods (2.0-4.5 µm long) and were motile by peritrichous flagella. The isolate grew at 30-45 °C (optimum 40 °C), at pH 5.5-6.5 (optimum pH 6.0) and with up to 3.5% (w/v) NaCl. Strain GH1(T) produced acid from d-glucose, d-ribose and d-xylose, with butyric acid being the major end product. The genomic DNA G+C… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Dysosmobacter welbionis gen. nov., sp. nov., isolated from human faeces and emended description of the genus Oscillibacter.

It is proposed that this isolate represents a novel species in a new genus, Dysosmobacterwelbionis gen. nov, and is related to the not-yet-cultured bacterium Oscillospiraguilliermondii.

Faecalibaculum rodentium gen. nov., sp. nov., isolated from the faeces of a laboratory mouse

A novel strictly anaerobic strain, ALO17T, was isolated from mouse faeces and found to produce lactic acid as a major metabolic end product and to belong to a novel genus within the family Erysipelothricaceae.

Pseudomonas kribbensis sp. nov., isolated from garden soils in Daejeon, Korea

It is proposed that the isolates 46-1 and 46-2T represent a novel species of the genus Pseudomonas, for which the name PseUDomonas kribbensis sp.

Alkaliphilus flagellatus sp. nov., Butyricicoccus intestinisimiae sp. nov., Clostridium mobile sp. nov., Clostridium simiarum sp. nov., Dysosmobacter acutus sp. nov., Paenibacillus brevis sp. nov., Peptoniphilus ovalis sp. nov. and Tissierella simiarum sp. nov., isolated from monkey faeces

The characterization and taxonomy of 8 bacterial strains that were obtained from fecal samples of captive cynomolgus monkeys revealed that they represented 8 novel bacterial species.

Oscillospira and related bacteria - From metagenomic species to metabolic features.

It is inferred that Oscillospira species are butyrate producers, and at least some of them have the ability to utilize glucuronate, a common animal-derived sugar that is both produced by the human host and consumed by that host in diets rich in animal products.

Composition of the microbiota in forestomach fluids and feces of Japanese Black calves with white scours.

It is suggested that fermentation in the forestomach may affect the occurrence of white scours, resulting in changes in the composition and diversity of the Forestomach fluid and fecal microbiota in Japanese Black calves.

Metagenomics Analysis Reveals an Extraordinary Inner Bacterial Diversity in Anisakids (Nematoda: Anisakidae) L3 Larvae

There are significant biological structural associations of microbiota in anisakid nematodes which manifest in clusters of bacteria ranging from phylum to genus level, which could also be an indicator of fish contamination or the geographic zone of fish capture.

Four Cases of Bacteremia Caused by Oscillibacter ruminantium, a Newly Described Species

Four cases of Oscillibacter ruminantium bacteremia from hospitals across Denmark from 2001 to 2010 are presented, showing an association to human infection and correct identification is now possible.

Characterization of Core Microbiomes and Functional Profiles of Mesophilic Anaerobic Digesters Fed With Chlorella vulgaris Green Microalgae and Maize Silage

Identification of the core microbiome by metagenome analysis and prediction of functional characteristics are essential to make microalgal feedstock more sustainable and economically feasible.

The Effect of Dietary Mushroom Agaricus bisporus on Intestinal Microbiota Composition and Host Immunological Function

It is suggested that feeding WB mushrooms significantly reduced the LPS-induced inflammatory response in AM and positively modulated the host microbiota metabolism by increasing the abundance of Clostridiales taxa that are associated with improved intestinal health.



Oscillibacter valericigenes gen. nov., sp. nov., a valerate-producing anaerobic bacterium isolated from the alimentary canal of a Japanese corbicula clam.

It is proposed that this isolate represents a novel species in a new genus, Oscillibacter valericigenes gen. nov, and could be accommodated in clostridial cluster IV of the low-G+C-content Gram-positive bacteria.

Identification of Eubacteria Isolated from Leaf Cavities of Four Species of the N-Fixing Azolla Fern as Arthrobacter Conn and Dimmick

The nutritional and physiological characteristics of 15 isolates from four species of the Azolla fern were determined and indicated that these organisms belong to the genus Arthrobacter Conn and Dimmick, with the exception of the inability to hydrolyze gelatin.

Ecology of Uncultivated Oscillospira Species in the Rumen of Cattle, Sheep, and Reindeer as Assessed by Microscopy and Molecular Approaches

An ecological analysis based on enumeration of the morphologically conspicuous, large-septate form of Oscillospira confirms that the highest counts are associated with the feeding of fresh forage diets to cattle and sheep and in two different subspecies of reindeer investigated.

Phylogenetic Diversity of Bacterial and Archaeal Communities in the Anoxic Zone of the Cariaco Basin

Overall, the composition of microbial communities from the Cariaco Basin resembles the compositions of communities from several anaerobic sediments, supporting the hypothesis that the Cariako Basin water column is similar to an aerobic sediments.

Flow cytometric sorting, phylogenetic analysis and in situ detection of Oscillospira guillermondii, a large, morphologically conspicuous but uncultured ruminal bacterium.

Flow cytometric sorting based on its large cell size enabled an enriched fraction of Oscillospira guillermondii cells to be obtained from the rumen contents of a sheep. Phylogenetic analysis based on

Rumen microbial ecosystem

The necessity to use molecular biology techniques for identification and characterization of rumen microbes has been emphasized in this review and the microbial ecosystem is well studied for the rumen of domesticated animals, but it is poorly studied in buffalo and wild ruminants.

Studies on dissimilatory sulfate-reducing bacteria that decompose fatty acids

Gliding motility, ultrastructure and nutrition of two newly isolated filamentous sulfate-reducing bacteria, strains 5ac10 and 4be13, were investigated; the capacity of complete oxidation was shown by stoichiometric measurements with acetate plus sulfate.

Invited review: adhesion mechanisms of rumen cellulolytic bacteria.

No direct evidence, except scanning electron microscopy observations, yet supports the existence of either cellulosome complex or fimbriae structures involved in the adhesion mechanism of F. succinogenes or R. flavefaciens to cellulose.

Development of nucleic acid based techniques and possibilities of their application to rumen microbial ecology research.

The aim of this paper is to describe and to summarize a widely used techniques of the molecular biology during analysis of microbes in rumen: PCR-DGGE, Real-time PCR and Fluorescence in situ hybridization.