Orthotopic models of human pancreatic cancer.


Orthotopic transplantation of solid tumor fragments of human tumors in nude mice reproduces their pattern of local growth and distal dissemination. While lymphatic, hepatic or peritoneal dissemination can be reproduced, perineural invasion is absent. Early passages (less than 3) of xenografts show a high degree of stability regarding K-ras, p53 and p16 gene… (More)