Corpus ID: 27064495

Orthorexia nervosa - an eating disorder, obsessive- -compulsive disorder or disturbed eating habit?

@article{BrytekMatera2012OrthorexiaN,
  title={Orthorexia nervosa - an eating disorder, obsessive- -compulsive disorder or disturbed eating habit?},
  author={Anna Brytek-Matera},
  journal={Archives of psychiatry and psychotherapy},
  year={2012},
  volume={14}
}
  • A. Brytek-Matera
  • Published 2012
  • Psychology
  • Archives of psychiatry and psychotherapy
summary The purpose of this article was to describe the phenomenon of a new disorder called orthorexia nervosa. This paper proposes a theoretical framework for the definitions, prevalence, diagnostic criteria, method and treatment of orthorexia. This disturbing behaviour concerns the pathologic obsession for healthy nutrition. In contrast to eating disorders, people with orthorexia are obsessed with food quality rather than quantity and they do not care excessively for thin silhouette like in… Expand
Relationship between orthorexia and obsessive-compulsive symptoms in patients with generalised anxiety disorder, panic disorder and obsessive compulsive disorder -
TLDR
It is suggested that ON, a pathological inclination towards an obsession with healthy eating, is not specifically associated with any of the investigated illness groups, however, it has moderate correlations with the ritualistic signs of OCD. Expand
Orthorexia nervosa: A behavioral complex or a psychological condition?
TLDR
The authors' data confirmed the epidemiological and clinical relevance of orthorexic behaviors, but the strong conceptual overlap with other mental health problems and pathological eating raise initial doubts as to whether ON is a distinct mental health disorder category. Expand
Orthorexia Nervosa: An Examination of the Prevalence, Correlates, and Associated Impairment in a University Sample
TLDR
A relatively high frequency of orthorexia symptoms is suggested using current methods (which have significant limitations) and fairly modest associations with psychological symptomology are demonstrated. Expand
Ortorexia nervosa e transtorno obsessivo-compulsivo: qual a relação?
Orthorexia Nervosa is an eating disorder characterized by a diet restricted to foods considered pure, healthy and natural. It is an eating disorder linked to obsessive-compulsive symptoms. ThisExpand
Orthorexia nervosa - a separate clinical entity, a part of eating disorder spectrum or another manifestation of obsessive-compulsive disorder?
TLDR
Orthorexia nervosa does not belong to the OCD spectrum, but meets the criteria of eating disorder spectrum, and is not a separate clinical entity, as well as whether orthorexia is a separateclinical entity, a part ofeating disorder or another manifestation of obsessivecompulsive disorder. Expand
Classification of Orthorexia Nervosa: Further evidence for placement within the eating disorders spectrum.
TLDR
The results support ON being classified on the ED spectrum; however, whether ON represents a precursor to an ED, an ED with added health concerns, or a disorder that evolves from an ED is not certain. Expand
Orthorexia nervosa: A review of psychosocial risk factors
TLDR
Findings between ON and the following risk factors were mixed: age, SES, BMI, belonging to a health-related field, exercise engagement, vegetarianism/veganism, body dissatisfaction, and alcohol, tobacco, and drug use. Expand
Perceived need for treatment associated with orthorexia nervosa symptoms.
TLDR
The findings highlight the need to consider orthorexic symptoms in people with eating disorders and that this inter-relationship and the ego-syntonicity of symptoms may reduce help-seeking. Expand
Orthorexia Nervosa: differences between clinical and non-clinical samples
TLDR
Results have shown that in the AN/BN group, eating disorders symptomatology and a lower BMI were related to ON and that in Obesity/Binge Eating Disorder and Diet groups, perfectionism traits are associated with ON. Expand
Historical evolution of the concept of anorexia nervosa and relationships with orthorexia nervosa, autism, and obsessive–compulsive spectrum
TLDR
What is known about the symptoms, epidemiology, assessment, and diagnostic boundaries of a new problematic eating pattern called orthorexia nervosa that could be accepted as a new psychological syndrome, as emphasized by an increasing number of scientific articles in the last few years is focused on. Expand
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References

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Orthorexia nervosa. A new eating behavior disorder
New eating behavior disorders such as bigorexia (muscle dysmorphia) and orthorexia are appearing in developed countries. These disorders have not been officially recognized so that they are notExpand
Orthorexia nervosa: A preliminary study with a proposal for diagnosis and an attempt to measure the dimension of the phenomenon
TLDR
The analysis of the physiological characteristics, the social-cultural and the psychological behaviour that characterises subjects suffering from ON shows a higher prevalence in men and in those with a lower level of education. Expand
Orthorexia nervosa in the general population: A preliminary screening using a self-administered questionnaire (ORTO-15)
TLDR
The results of this study highlight the diffusion of Orthorexia which may constitute an important risk factor for mental and physical health, but also the opportunity of more specific diagnostic instruments, so to facilitate a thorough understanding of this disorder. Expand
Ortorexia o la obsesión por la dieta saludable
TLDR
Treatment of orthorexia require a multidisciplinary team involving physicians, psychoterapists and dietitians and antiserotoninergic drugs may be required as part of the treatment. Expand
Orthorexia nervosa: Validation of a diagnosis questionnaire
TLDR
The test proposed for the diagnosis of orthorexia (ORTO 15) showed a good predictive capability at a threshold value of 40, but has a limit in identifying the obsessive disorder. Expand
[Orthorexia nervosa and adaptation of ORTO-11 into Turkish].
TLDR
High a body mass index was an important variable for orthorexia, but only together with gender (female), pathological eating attitude, and increased obsessive-compulsive symptoms. Expand
Media Hype, Diagnostic Fad or Genuine Disorder? Professionals' Opinions About Night Eating Syndrome, Orthorexia, Muscle Dysmorphia, and Emetophobia
TLDR
An opinion poll among professionals in the field of eating disorders is organized by presenting them a provisional set of diagnostic criteria of four “new” disorders: Night Eating Syndrome, Orthorexia, Muscle Dysmorphia, and Emetophobia, with the finding that Emetophobic appears to be the least “fashionable” of the four. Expand
Prevalence of orthorexia nervosa in resident medical doctors in the faculty of medicine (Ankara, Turkey)
TLDR
Female medical doctors are more careful than men of their physical appearance and weight control and consume less caloric food, which is statistically significant, and those who exhibit "healthy fanatic" eating habits may have a risk of ON in the future. Expand
Prevalence of orthorexia among medical students in Erzurum, Turkey.
TLDR
Age, sex, Eating Attitude Test-40 (EAT-40), and height affected the ORTO-11 scores, and there was a statistically significant difference between the age groups for tendency for orthorexia. Expand
Role of psychological factors in food choice - a review
Psychological factors such as motives, personality and attitudes towards food and nutrition have been reviewed, and shown to essentially influence nutritional behavior. Even rational motives, likeExpand
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