Orthodontics in a quantum world II: cranial movement and parafunction.

  • Gavin James
  • Published 2008 in International journal of orthodontics


Maintenance of brain vitality is the most important function of the body. Several oral behaviors are involved in this process. Typical facial characteristics and intra-oral change can result from this. Symptomatically, the response can resemble a temporomandibular joint disorder. An integrative systems approach gives a basis for understanding and treating the condition.

Cite this paper

@article{James2008OrthodonticsIA, title={Orthodontics in a quantum world II: cranial movement and parafunction.}, author={Gavin James}, journal={International journal of orthodontics}, year={2008}, volume={19 2}, pages={17-21} }