Orthodontics for treating temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorders.

@article{Luther2010OrthodonticsFT,
  title={Orthodontics for treating temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorders.},
  author={Friedy Luther and Stephen Layton and Fraser Mcdonald},
  journal={The Cochrane database of systematic reviews},
  year={2010},
  volume={7},
  pages={
          CD006541
        }
}
BACKGROUND Temporomandibular disorders (TMD) relate to discomfort of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ). The disorder is multifactorial with a degree of psychogenic influence varying throughout an individual's life with phases of symptoms affecting the quality of life. In an attempt to treat this complex group of disorders many treatment modalities have been identified some of which are also considered in other Cochrane reviews. The disorder also has a normal cycle of events appearing to… 
Evaluation of Symptoms of Temporomandibular Disorders in Orthodontic Appliance Users
TLDR
It can be suggested that the use of fixed orthodontic appliances is not a factor associated with the symptoms of TMD, and it is possible to conclude that the prevalence of light TMD symptoms in dentistry students is high.
Orthodontics is temporomandibular disorder-neutral.
TLDR
Findings confirmed the substantial absence of clinically significant effects of orthodontics as far as TMD is concerned, and suggest that Orthodontic treatment could not have a true role for TMD.
Dentofacial orthopedics and temporomandibular disorders (TMD): primum non nocere - Preface
TLDR
The relations between dentofacial orthopedics and occlusodontics are an on-going subject of interest for practitioners of both disciplines and the need to respond to three diagnostic and therapeutic objectives is challenged.
TMD clinical diagnostic classification (Temporo Mandibular Disorders)
TLDR
Armed with a good understanding of the diagnostic classification of TMD, orthodontists will be better prepared to pinpoint and diagnose TMD and, if necessary, adopt the most appropriate mode of therapy for treating it.
Knowledge and beliefs regarding temporomandibular disorders among orthodontists.
  • F. Porto, R. Harrell, R. Fulcher, T. Gonzales
  • Medicine
    American journal of orthodontics and dentofacial orthopedics : official publication of the American Association of Orthodontists, its constituent societies, and the American Board of Orthodontics
  • 2019
Orthodontics and Temporomandibular Disorders. Are They Related
TLDR
It is incorrect to claim that orthodontic approaches can treat or prevent temporomandibular disorders, because it has not been demonstrated that malocclusions cause TMDs, and there is no evidence that any orthodentic treatment causes TMD signs or symptoms.
Knowledge and management of temporomandibular joint disorders by general dentists in Spain
TLDR
General dentists could benefit from specific educational programs enhancing TMD management skills, and even though clinicians are generally skilled regarding the knowledge of the etiologic that explain the diagnosis of TMD, they have room for improvement in terms of T MD management compared to the other two areas studied.
Prosthodontic planning in patients with temporomandibular disorders and/or bruxism: A systematic review
Craniomandibular Disorders and the Choice of Mandibular Reference Position in Orthodontic Treatment
TLDR
Craniomandibular disorders and their relevance to orthodontics have been a highly debated topic in recent years, with a number of psychophy‐ siological and psychological explanations advanced, none of which was able to clearly establish a direct causal link with CMD.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 43 REFERENCES
Relationship between signs and symptoms of temporomandibular disorders and orthodontic treatment: a cross-sectional study.
TLDR
A positive association was found between TMD and parafunctional habits and reported emotional tension and Orthodontic treatment is not associated with the presence of signs and symptoms of TMD.
History and evolution of TMD concepts.
  • C. McNeill
  • Medicine
    Oral surgery, oral medicine, oral pathology, oral radiology, and endodontics
  • 1997
A prospective long-term study of signs and symptoms of temporomandibular disorders in patients who received orthodontic treatment in childhood.
TLDR
The opinion that orthodontic treatment in childhood does not entail an increased risk to develop either signs or symptoms of TMD later in life is supported.
Fränkel appliance therapy and the temporomandibular disc: a prospective magnetic resonance imaging study.
TLDR
The results showed that disc displacement is not a complication of functional appliance therapy; in fact, such treatment might help some children with incipient temporomandibular disorders.
Orthodontic treatment in relation to symptoms attributed to dysfunction of the temporomandibular joint. A 10-year report of the University of Groningen study.
  • J. Dibbets, L. T. van der Weele
  • Medicine
    American journal of orthodontics and dentofacial orthopedics : official publication of the American Association of Orthodontists, its constituent societies, and the American Board of Orthodontics
  • 1987
Long-term effects of orthodontic treatment, including extraction, on signs and symptoms attributed to CMD.
TLDR
It appears that neither orthodontic treatment nor extraction has a causal relationship with the signs and symptoms of CMD recorded during this study.
Clinical signs of TMJ osteoarthrosis and internal derangement 30 years after nonsurgical treatment.
TLDR
It was concluded that the disorders in question eventually reach a state of quiescence and become less bothersome to patients.
Malocclusion and temporomandibular disorder: a comparison of adolescents with moderate to severe dysfunction with those without signs and symptoms of temporomandibular disorder and their further development to 30 years of age.
TLDR
Major associations between TMD and general health and psychological well-being as well as the personality dimension of neuroticism and self-esteem were found and orthodontic treatment seems to be neither a major preventive nor a significant cause of TMD.
...
...